A large number of types of cabbage are cultivated by domestic gardeners, but in the conditions of home gardening in Siberia, the cultivation of white, cauliflower and Beijing cabbage is most popular. The soil and climatic conditions of the region are unsuitable for direct sowing of crops on ridges of open ground, so it is important not only to choose the best and most stable varieties, but also to properly prepare cabbage seeds, grow high-quality seedlings and provide the plant with full care.
The time at which cabbage seeds should be sown can vary depending on the length of the growing period of seedlings and the timing of planting in a permanent place. Estimated time for sowing seeds of almost any type of cabbage for growing in Siberia:
The seeding rate in the absence of picking seedlings is:
Seeds of pre-prepared seeds should be planted with a depth of one centimeter. In order to maintain optimal moisture indicators, it is recommended to cover the crops with a film. Subject to the temperature regime, mass shoots appear on about five days later, after which the shelter can be removed.
You need to grow cabbage according to the technology of cultivating a garden plant and in compliance with several rules, including proper soil preparation:
To prepare the optimal composition of the planting mixture, one part of the turfy soil, one part of humus and one part of peat should be mixed. Soil can be used on the basis of twenty parts of turf land, five parts of wood ash, part of lime and part of coarse sand. The soil mixture based on ten parts of peat, four parts of turfy land and part of sand has proven itself well.
Approximately 18–20 g of ammonium nitrate or urea, 22–25 g of superphosphate, 10–12 g of potassium sulfate, and 23–25 g of dolomite flour should be added to the resulting soil mixture. With independent production of soil, its disinfection at home is carried out by freezing, calcining, steaming and pickling.
Beijing cabbage is quite popular in our country for an annual, cold-resistant crop, which allows cultivation in the northern regions with insufficiently warm weather.
|Title||Ripening period||Head out||Weight kg||Appointment|
|"Aikido-F1"||Mid-season hybrid||Half open, medium density, cylindrical||Up to 2.0||Fresh use and short-term storage|
|"Wineglass"||Mid-season grade||Elongated cylindrical shape, green.||1,5-2,0||Home cooking, freezing and canning|
|"Vorozheya"||Mid-season grade||Open, medium density, broadly oval.||2,0-2,5||Fresh use|
|"Janine-F1"||Early hybrid||Dense, not cracking, elongated-cylindrical.||1,5-3,0||Fresh use and long-term storage|
|"Princess-F1"||Mid-season hybrid||Semi-open, medium density, oblong, light yellow.||Up to 1,5||Fresh use and short-term storage.|
|"Swallow"||Early ripe hybrid||Dense, non-cracking, cylindrical, green.||1,5-3,0||Home cooking and freezing|
|"Manoko-F1"||Ultra early hybrid||Compact in size, cylindrical, light green.||Up to 1,5||For fresh consumption and for processing|
The culture is a popular garden plant, and the most adapted to the climatic conditions of Siberia varieties and hybrids combine excellent yield, stability and excellent taste.
|Title||Ripening period||Head out||Weight kg||Appointment|
|"Albatross"||Late ripe hybrid||Thick, medium sized, rounded flat||2,30-2,60||Fresh consumption and fermentation|
|"Snow White"||Late ripening variety||Very dense, non-cracking, rounded flat||2,3-5,0||Fresh use, pickling and winter storage|
|Sibiryachka-60||Mid-season grade||Very dense, non-cracking, rounded||Up to 2.65||Fresh use, storage and pickling|
|"Severyanka-F1"||Mid-late hybrid||Partially coated type, dense, salable||1,5-3,0||Fresh consumption and fermentation|
|"Severina-F1"||Mid-season hybrid form||Partially coated, short-poked, dense, salable||1,6-2,0||Fresh consumption|
|"Cyclone-F1"||Mid-season hybrid form||Tight, tight, good size, rounded||2,6-3,7||Fresh consumption|
Cauliflower is a dietary product, extremely healthy, with excellent taste. The right choice of variety allows you to get a decent yield of this type of cabbage, even in the northern regions.
|Title||Ripening period||Head out||Weight in kg||Appointment|
|"Alabaster-F1"||Early ripe hybrid||Covered, Dense, Rounded, Whitish||Up to 2.0||Use in Home Cooking|
|"Santa Maria F1"||Mid-season hybrid||Thick, Covered, Elliptical, White||0,8-1,5||For fresh consumption, processing and freezing|
|"White Castle"||Early ripening grade||Uncoated, medium-hilly, roundish, snow-white||Up to 1.7||Use in Home Cooking|
|"Natalie"||Mid-season grade||With a cone-tuberous surface, roundish, yellowish||1,3-1,6||Home cooking, freezing and canning|
|"Patriotic"||Medium early grade||Dense, rounded, white||Up to 0.8||Fresh consumption and canning|
|"Polar Star"||Early ripening grade||Uncoated, finely tuberous, flat round, white||Up to 0.8||Use in Home Cooking|
When using seeds purchased from hands or self-grown seeds, seed material must be decontaminated in hot water or a solution of antifungal drugs. After sprouts of cabbage appear, it is recommended to lower the temperature regime to 6-10 ° С., which protects plants from stretching and lodging in the first week of growth and development. After the appearance of the first true leaflet, the temperature needs to be increased to 14-18 ° C in sunny weather, about 12-16 ° C in cloudy weather, and 6-10 ° C at night.
In the process of growing cabbage seedlings must be ventilated, providing seedlings with an air flow. Weekly seedlings must be watered with water at room temperature. A good result is given by watering the cabbage seedlings with a weak solution of potassium permanganate, diluted at the rate of one and a half grams in five liters of warm water. To prevent damage to cabbage plantings by diseases and pests, when planting seedlings at a permanent place, all plants suspicious of being affected by pathogenic microflora are rejected.
Thus, the key to obtaining healthy and productive cabbage plants at any stage of the growing season is the use of fertile soil, quality care and a number of simple preventive measures.