The Republic of Belarus is a land rich in gifts of nature. About two hundred species of mushrooms currently grow in forests in Belarus, most of which are edible, and are mentioned in the mushroom encyclopedia, popular with fans of quiet hunting, in pictures with names and a detailed description.
Many various edible mushrooms growing in the republic belong to the first category in terms of nutritional value and have very good taste and aromatic characteristics.
Depending on weather conditions, the first spring mushrooms may appear in March-April, and the collection period continues until the onset of a noticeable autumn cooling.
|Russian and Latin name of the species||Description of the fruiting body|
|Boletus or Boletus edulis||Smooth, slightly velvety, whitish or dark brown depending on conditions||Massive, often white solid, cylindrical||White, dense, thick, does not change color on a cut|
|Boletus edulis or Boletus reticulatus||Spherical, convex or pillow-shaped, slightly velvety, often light shades of brown||Club-shaped or cylindrical-club-shaped, whitish with a mesh pattern||Dense or slightly spongy, whitish, with a sweet taste and mushroom smell|
|Boletus yellow or Boletus junquilleus||Convex, hemispherical or flat, slightly wrinkled, tan, matte or slightly mucous||Thick, tan, tuberoid, solid||Dense, bright yellow, odorless, quickly turns blue on cut|
|Common Dubovik or Boletus luridus||Massive, hemispherical or pillow-shaped, velvety, often yellowish brown||Thick, club-shaped, yellowish||Yellowish, dense, on a slice quickly acquires a bluish-green color|
|Oyster mushroom or Pleurotus ostreatus||Round-eccentric, funnel-shaped or ear-shaped, matte and smooth, light ash or dark gray||Lateral, eccentric and short||White, dense, with a pleasant faint aroma|
|Funnel Talker or Clitocybe gibba||Convex, funnel or goblet, grayish yellow, leathery.||Elastic-flexible, with one-piece extension, hat-colored.||Thin, whitish staining, dry, with an unexpressed aroma.|
|Bluish Lactus or Lactarius glaucescens||Flat, slightly depressed in the center, dry, smooth, whitish with cream spots||Narrowed to the bottom, good density, white||Very dense, white, with a specific milky juice.|
|Camphor camphor or Lactarius camphoratus||Convex or flat with a tubercle in the middle and ribbed edges, reddish brown||Unbreakable, smooth, hat-colored||Loose, with plentiful milky juice, low taste|
|Chanterelle or Cantharellus cibarius||Egg-yellow or orange-yellow, slightly convex or almost flat, funnel-shaped, uneven||With narrowing at the bottom, fused with a hat solid, dense and smooth||Thick, resilient, hat-colored with a light fruity aroma|
|Goat or Suillus bovinus||Slightly mucous and sticky, brownish staining||One color with a hat, cylindrical||Yellowish, slightly reddened in cut|
|Granular oiler or Suillus granulatus||Convex, slightly sticky, brownish yellow||Yellowish or slightly whitish, with a granular surface||Thick, yellow-brown color, soft, pleasant taste|
|Red-headed or Leccinum aurantiacum||Red-orange staining, spherical, with a velvety surface||Solid, cylindrical, with a thickening in the lower part, white with scales||Dense, white, on the cut it quickly darkens to a bluish-black color|
|Common boletus or Leccinum scabrum||Hemispherical, pillow-shaped, with a bare or thinly felt surface, may be slightly mucous, brownish||Solid, cylindrical, slightly widened below, grayish-whitish color, with longitudinal scales||White coloring, not changing color or slightly turning pink on a cut, with a pleasant "mushroom" taste and aroma|
Usually, the most dangerous poisonous mushrooms, such as amanita and pale grebe, are well known even to beginners and not too experienced mushroom pickers. However, a large number of inedible mushrooms grow in the Belarusian forests, the use of which is not capable of causing death, but can cause quite serious food poisoning.
|Russian and Latin name of the species||Description of the fruiting body|
|Inedible boletus or Boletus calopus||Light brown, smooth or wrinkled, matte, dry, semicircular or convex||Barrel-shaped, club-shaped or cylindrical, yellow, with mesh||Dense, whitish, cut may turn blue|
|False porcini mushroom or Tylopilus felleus||Convex or flat-convex, smooth, dry, brown or brown||Swollen, creamy ocher, with a dark mesh pattern||Thick and soft, pink on cut, odorless, bitter|
|Orange Talker or Clitocybe aurantiaca||Convex or flat-spread, slightly funnel-shaped, orange-ocher||Cylindrical or narrowing at the base, yellow-orange||Thin, dense, yellow or reddish staining|
|Golden Miller or Lactarius chrysorrheus||Convex or open with a strongly tucked edge, matte, smooth, pinkish||Smooth, cylindrical, whitish||Fragile, white, odorless, pungent|
|Pale Grebe or Amanita phalloides||Bell-shaped or flat-convex, light green or yellow-white staining, with silkiness and luster||White, hollow, flat, tuber-like thickening at the base||White, thin, without pronounced smell and taste|
|Spring Grebe or Amanita verna||White, rounded conical or semi-prostrate, with|
depression or tubercle in the central part and slightly ribbed edges
|Hollow, cylindrical, with tuberous swelling at the base, fibrous, covered with flaky scales||White coloring, with an unpleasant taste and smell|
|Amanita smelly or Amanita virosa||Broad-conical and slightly sticky, white||Flat, with a thickening at the base, white, with|
|Off-white, offensive odor|
|Ryadovka white or Tricholoma album||grayish white, dry, dull, convex||Thick, hat-colored, powdery coating||Thick, fleshy, white, pink on cut, odorless|
The first mushrooms, morels and lines, appear in April, after them, approximately in May, the active growth of meadow champignons, oyster mushrooms, Mayan rowaning, raincoats and oak trees begins. Closer to mid-June, the first "noble" mushrooms appear in the forests. Depending on weather conditions, sometimes until December you can pick up greenbacks and napkins. However, the peak of the mushroom season falls on the period from mid-July to the first decade of October.
|Period||Features||The main edible species|
|In April-May||Spring mushrooms - "snowdrops"||Stitches and morels|
|Second half of may||Real butterflies, Russula gray, green flywheel, the first porcini mushrooms|
|June-early July||Spike mushrooms||Brown boletus and porcini mushrooms, bryophytes, valui, colored russula|
|Second half of summer||Champignons, redheads, summer mushrooms, butterfish, porcini mushrooms, brown boletus, russula|
|The end of summer is the beginning of autumn.||Mushrooms - "deciduous"||Red saffron mushrooms, porcini mushrooms, boletus boletus, brown boletus, chanterelles, squirrels, thrills, mushrooms, autumn mushrooms|
There are a lot of mushroom places in Belarus. As a rule, experienced lovers of "quiet" hunting include the Minsk and Vitebsk regions as the most mushroom places. Many mushrooms grow in forests along the Vitebsk routestarting from the settlement "Logoisk" and to the village of "Pleshchenitsy", near the villages of "Molody", "Oleshniki", "Mostishche", "Krokva", "Takovshchina" and "Cellar". Here you can collect a very good crop of boletus, boletus, boletus, butter, honey mushrooms, mushrooms, chanterelles and russula.
The Khatyn forest, which extends several kilometers, is also very popular among mushroom pickers. In Stolbtsovschina, near the Vysokiy Bereg camp site, it is possible to collect mushrooms, redheads, chanterelles, autumn boletus and mushrooms almost throughout the mushroom season. A large forest zone is located near the recreation center "Economist" near the village of "Ilya". When collecting mushrooms, you must follow the rules of "quiet" hunting, and carry out the processing of the harvested crop as quickly as possible.