Mushrooms of Belarus: poisonous, edible and inedible species


The Republic of Belarus is a land rich in gifts of nature. About two hundred species of mushrooms currently grow in forests in Belarus, most of which are edible, and are mentioned in the mushroom encyclopedia, popular with fans of quiet hunting, in pictures with names and a detailed description.

Names and descriptions of edible mushrooms

Many various edible mushrooms growing in the republic belong to the first category in terms of nutritional value and have very good taste and aromatic characteristics.

Depending on weather conditions, the first spring mushrooms may appear in March-April, and the collection period continues until the onset of a noticeable autumn cooling.

Russian and Latin name of the speciesDescription of the fruiting body
HatLegPulp
Boletus or Boletus edulisSmooth, slightly velvety, whitish or dark brown depending on conditionsMassive, often white solid, cylindricalWhite, dense, thick, does not change color on a cut
Boletus edulis or Boletus reticulatusSpherical, convex or pillow-shaped, slightly velvety, often light shades of brownClub-shaped or cylindrical-club-shaped, whitish with a mesh patternDense or slightly spongy, whitish, with a sweet taste and mushroom smell
Boletus yellow or Boletus junquilleusConvex, hemispherical or flat, slightly wrinkled, tan, matte or slightly mucousThick, tan, tuberoid, solidDense, bright yellow, odorless, quickly turns blue on cut
Common Dubovik or Boletus luridusMassive, hemispherical or pillow-shaped, velvety, often yellowish brownThick, club-shaped, yellowishYellowish, dense, on a slice quickly acquires a bluish-green color
Oyster mushroom or Pleurotus ostreatusRound-eccentric, funnel-shaped or ear-shaped, matte and smooth, light ash or dark grayLateral, eccentric and shortWhite, dense, with a pleasant faint aroma
Funnel Talker or Clitocybe gibbaConvex, funnel or goblet, grayish yellow, leathery.Elastic-flexible, with one-piece extension, hat-colored.Thin, whitish staining, dry, with an unexpressed aroma.
Bluish Lactus or Lactarius glaucescensFlat, slightly depressed in the center, dry, smooth, whitish with cream spotsNarrowed to the bottom, good density, whiteVery dense, white, with a specific milky juice.
Camphor camphor or Lactarius camphoratusConvex or flat with a tubercle in the middle and ribbed edges, reddish brownUnbreakable, smooth, hat-coloredLoose, with plentiful milky juice, low taste
Chanterelle or Cantharellus cibariusEgg-yellow or orange-yellow, slightly convex or almost flat, funnel-shaped, unevenWith narrowing at the bottom, fused with a hat solid, dense and smoothThick, resilient, hat-colored with a light fruity aroma
Goat or Suillus bovinusSlightly mucous and sticky, brownish stainingOne color with a hat, cylindricalYellowish, slightly reddened in cut
Granular oiler or Suillus granulatusConvex, slightly sticky, brownish yellowYellowish or slightly whitish, with a granular surfaceThick, yellow-brown color, soft, pleasant taste
Red-headed or Leccinum aurantiacumRed-orange staining, spherical, with a velvety surfaceSolid, cylindrical, with a thickening in the lower part, white with scalesDense, white, on the cut it quickly darkens to a bluish-black color
Common boletus or Leccinum scabrumHemispherical, pillow-shaped, with a bare or thinly felt surface, may be slightly mucous, brownishSolid, cylindrical, slightly widened below, grayish-whitish color, with longitudinal scalesWhite coloring, not changing color or slightly turning pink on a cut, with a pleasant "mushroom" taste and aroma

Characterization of Inedible and Poisonous Species

Usually, the most dangerous poisonous mushrooms, such as amanita and pale grebe, are well known even to beginners and not too experienced mushroom pickers. However, a large number of inedible mushrooms grow in the Belarusian forests, the use of which is not capable of causing death, but can cause quite serious food poisoning.

Mushrooms of Belarus: collection

Russian and Latin name of the speciesDescription of the fruiting body
HatLegPulp
Inedible boletus or Boletus calopusLight brown, smooth or wrinkled, matte, dry, semicircular or convexBarrel-shaped, club-shaped or cylindrical, yellow, with meshDense, whitish, cut may turn blue
False porcini mushroom or Tylopilus felleusConvex or flat-convex, smooth, dry, brown or brownSwollen, creamy ocher, with a dark mesh patternThick and soft, pink on cut, odorless, bitter
Orange Talker or Clitocybe aurantiacaConvex or flat-spread, slightly funnel-shaped, orange-ocherCylindrical or narrowing at the base, yellow-orangeThin, dense, yellow or reddish staining
Golden Miller or Lactarius chrysorrheusConvex or open with a strongly tucked edge, matte, smooth, pinkishSmooth, cylindrical, whitishFragile, white, odorless, pungent
Pale Grebe or Amanita phalloidesBell-shaped or flat-convex, light green or yellow-white staining, with silkiness and lusterWhite, hollow, flat, tuber-like thickening at the baseWhite, thin, without pronounced smell and taste
Spring Grebe or Amanita vernaWhite, rounded conical or semi-prostrate, with
depression or tubercle in the central part and slightly ribbed edges
Hollow, cylindrical, with tuberous swelling at the base, fibrous, covered with flaky scalesWhite coloring, with an unpleasant taste and smell
Amanita smelly or Amanita virosaBroad-conical and slightly sticky, whiteFlat, with a thickening at the base, white, with
white ring
Off-white, offensive odor
Ryadovka white or Tricholoma albumgrayish white, dry, dull, convexThick, hat-colored, powdery coatingThick, fleshy, white, pink on cut, odorless

Mushroom picker calendar

The first mushrooms, morels and lines, appear in April, after them, approximately in May, the active growth of meadow champignons, oyster mushrooms, Mayan rowaning, raincoats and oak trees begins. Closer to mid-June, the first "noble" mushrooms appear in the forests. Depending on weather conditions, sometimes until December you can pick up greenbacks and napkins. However, the peak of the mushroom season falls on the period from mid-July to the first decade of October.

PeriodFeaturesThe main edible species
In April-MaySpring mushrooms - "snowdrops"Stitches and morels
Second half of mayReal butterflies, Russula gray, green flywheel, the first porcini mushrooms
June-early JulySpike mushroomsBrown boletus and porcini mushrooms, bryophytes, valui, colored russula
Second half of summerChampignons, redheads, summer mushrooms, butterfish, porcini mushrooms, brown boletus, russula
The end of summer is the beginning of autumn.Mushrooms - "deciduous"Red saffron mushrooms, porcini mushrooms, boletus boletus, brown boletus, chanterelles, squirrels, thrills, mushrooms, autumn mushrooms

Places and collection rules

There are a lot of mushroom places in Belarus. As a rule, experienced lovers of "quiet" hunting include the Minsk and Vitebsk regions as the most mushroom places. Many mushrooms grow in forests along the Vitebsk routestarting from the settlement "Logoisk" and to the village of "Pleshchenitsy", near the villages of "Molody", "Oleshniki", "Mostishche", "Krokva", "Takovshchina" and "Cellar". Here you can collect a very good crop of boletus, boletus, boletus, butter, honey mushrooms, mushrooms, chanterelles and russula.

The Khatyn forest, which extends several kilometers, is also very popular among mushroom pickers. In Stolbtsovschina, near the Vysokiy Bereg camp site, it is possible to collect mushrooms, redheads, chanterelles, autumn boletus and mushrooms almost throughout the mushroom season. A large forest zone is located near the recreation center "Economist" near the village of "Ilya". When collecting mushrooms, you must follow the rules of "quiet" hunting, and carry out the processing of the harvested crop as quickly as possible.

Edible mushrooms of Belarus



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