The best varieties of eggplant for growing in the suburbs

Eggplants are heat-loving garden crops, but their cultivation in the suburbs has long been mastered, and is characterized by a sufficiently high yield. Of course, in the Moscow region it is recommended to give preference to greenhouse cultivation, but even in open ground, subject to high agricultural technology, the yield will be quite decent.

Variety Selection Criteria

It’s easiest to grow heat-loving vegetables in a greenhouse, where gardeners have a good opportunity to create for the plant the most favorable conditions for growth, development and fruiting. Equally important is the proper care of the culture.

However, most often failures in growing eggplant in a home gardening environment are associated with the wrong choice of variety and violation of the basic rules of cultivation. In this case, the crop either does not fully ripen or very low indicators of yield and quality of the fruits occur.

The choice of domestic and foreign varieties and hybrids of eggplant today is very large, therefore In order not to get lost in this variety, you should pay attention to the following selection criteria:

  • greenhouse cultivation or cultivation on ridges of open ground;
  • yield indicators;
  • unpretentiousness and ease of care;
  • level of resistance to diseases and pests;
  • the presence of a rich taste without signs of bitterness;
  • insignificant amount of seeds.

Eggplant: variety selection

Among other things, one should take into account the timing of the ripening of the crop, since, in accordance with the length of the growing season, all varieties and hybrids of this garden crop are divided into:

  • very early
  • early
  • medium early
  • late;
  • very late.

Preference should be given to varieties and hybrids adapted to the soil and climatic conditions of the Moscow Region with stable fruiting and high productivity. The easiest way to grow low and not requiring competent formation of plants. It should also be remembered that hybrids are highly productive, but need increased attention and proper care at all stages of the growing season.

The best early grades for Moscow region

In the soil and climatic conditions of the Moscow region, getting a high and high-quality eggplant crop is not too difficult. As a rule, this garden crop is planted with seedlings. The best results are obtained when cultivating eggplant in protected ground, but several very promising and productive varieties have been developed for obtaining a high yield on open soil ridges.

Variety / Hybrid NameGrowing conditionsSustainabilityFetusPulp
"Alekseevsky"Open ground, under film, in the greenhouseTobacco and Cucumber Mosaic VirusesCylindrical, dark violet, weighing up to 150 gDense, white, with a pleasant delicate taste, without bitterness
"Joker"Open ground or greenhouseTo the fall of flowers and VTMPear-shaped, bright purple, weighing up to 130 gWhite, dense and very tasty
"Hippopotamus-F1"Greenhouse or open groundMedium to major diseasesPear-shaped, dark purple, weighing up to 350 gMedium Density, Greenish White
"Sperm whale"GreenhouseTobacco Mosaic VirusElongated pear-shaped, purple, weighing up to 0.65 kgWhite, of sufficient density, pleasant taste
"Marathon Runner"Open groundMedium to major diseasesCylindrical, dark purple, weighing up to 0.55 kgWhitish staining, no bitterness
"Epic-F1"Greenhouse or open groundTobacco Mosaic VirusOval-conical, violet-black, weighing up to 235 gWhite, relatively dense, tasty
"Vicar"Open ground or greenhouseTo low temperaturesPear-shaped or shortened pear-shaped, weighing up to 210 gGood density, light green
"Purple"Open groundTo wilting diseasesElongated cylindrical, lilac, weighing up to 0.25 kgSnow-white, good density, without bitterness
"Prince"Open ground, under film, in the greenhouseTDC and Cucumber MosaicOvoid, black-violet, weighing up to 220 gWhitish, very tender, pleasant taste
SolarisOpen ground, under film, in the greenhouseTo low temperaturesElongated pear-shaped, purple, weighing no more than 210 gThick enough, white, without bitterness

Features of outdoor cultivation

The site for the cultivation of eggplant must be represented by loose, well-permeable and fertile soil. For cultivation in open ground without the use of shelter, sowing of pre-prepared seed material should be carried out approximately in the second decade of March, which will allow transplanting eggplant seedlings to a permanent place in mid-June. If there is a film shelter on the ridges, the sowing of seeds is carried out in the last decade of February, and seedlings are transplanted to a permanent place in the last days of May.

How to plant eggplant

The best precursor crops for eggplant are represented by onions, cabbage, cucumbers, legumes and winter wheat. It is not recommended to grow this garden crop after harvesting potatoes, tomatoes, bell peppers or physalis. It is very important to carry out a high-quality, deep preplant digging of the soil with the introduction of basic fertilizers.

In loamy areas, a pair of buckets of peat and a bucket of humus per square meter are required. Heavy clay soils need to be improved by adding a pair of peat buckets, a humus bucket, a bucket of coarse sand and half a bucket of sawdust per square meter. Light sandy soils can be improved with a pair of humus buckets, a pair of peat buckets and the same amount of clay soil per square meter. When digging sites represented by cultivated peat bogs, it is mandatory to add a bucket of soddy soil and a bucket of humus per square meter.

Rules for cultivation in the greenhouse

It is recommended to prepare greenhouse ridges for growing eggplant since the fall, after harvesting previous crops, all plant debris has been removed and soil disinfection has been carried out. Standard greenhouse soil disinfection can be carried out using any of the following methods:

  • tillage of greenhouse ridges with the help of hot steam or boiling water;
  • removal of the soil layer from the ridges in one bayonet of a shovel, followed by its replacement with clean and fertile soil;
  • use of bleach or formalin.

Most often in the conditions of home gardening, the first two methods are used. The composition of greenhouse soil can be different, but the main conditions are a high level of breathability, good ability to retain moisture and the presence of an optimal amount of essential nutrients. As a rule, a standard soil mixture consists of an equal amount of peat, loamy soil, dung humus or compost and a small amount of sawdust with the addition of wood ash and complex mineral fertilizers.

Sowing seeds or planting eggplant seedlings in unheated greenhouses should be done after the temperature of the soil and air has become stable and comfortable for growing a heat-loving crop. Planting is best done with the tape method, adhering to the distance between rows of 60 cm and observing the distance between plants within 45-60 cm.

Recommendations for the care of crops in the Moscow region

Proper planting care is a guarantee of a stable and high yield. Throughout the growing season, it is necessary to carefully monitor the indicators of soil moisture, preventing its overmoistening or drying out.

How to Grow Eggplant

In total, during the growing period, three root dressings of the culture should be carried out, not forgetting to accompany them with watering, cultivating and weeding. It is extremely important to regularly inspect the plants in order to timely detect lesions by diseases or pests and, at the first sign, to use the most effective, modern insect-fungicidal preparations.

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