Croate calathea (saffron): home care technology

Calathea crocata (Calathea crocata) is a popular perennial ornamental plant, often grown at home and not needing too careful care, but requiring competent location and creating a comfortable microclimate.

Description of calathea crocata

Croata or saffron calathea refers to compact and very beautifully flowering plants, but in order to achieve flowering, perennials need to provide comfortable growing conditions and sufficiently high-quality care. For cultivation, greenhouse conditions or the use of special aquariums will be required.c, since attractive enough foliage quickly falls under the influence of too dry indoor air.

The decorative culture is highly appreciated by amateur gardeners for the very spectacular, orange-red color of the bracts that surround the inflorescences located on straight-growing peduncles. The species is characterized by beautiful wavy leaves with a deep purple-green color.

When growing, you need to remember that a decorative-deciduous plant reacts very positively to timely and proper feeding, but it is very difficult to tolerate direct sunlight. In order to build green mass, it is necessary to pay attention to competent transplantation of the plant.

Growing Calathea Croat

Optimal conditions for growing

Growing a richly flowering and densely leafy decorative culture is not too difficult, but You must adhere to the following recommendations and tips:

  • the kalatea needs to be provided with bright and diffused lighting, as well as protection from direct sunlight;
  • insufficient lighting causes the plant to grow smaller, thinner leaves and lose saturated staining;
  • an excess of sunlight provokes browning of foliage, therefore it is advisable to grow a culture in the eastern and western directions;
  • Calathea loves high humidity, which should be at least 65-70% in the room, and short-term increases in performance during spraying cannot correspond to optimal conditions;
  • in winter, it is advisable to place a houseplant in florariums or orchidariums, but installing a flower pot on a pallet filled with well-moistened expanded clay can be a good option.

In addition, comfortable temperature indicators are very important. Saffron calathea belongs to the category of rather heat-loving decorative perennials, therefore it is difficult to tolerate temperature conditions below 18-20 ° C. Optimum temperatures are between 22-24 ° C. It is also important to protect the indoor plant from drafts and temperature extremes.

Calathea crocata: features of home care

In addition to a favorable microclimate in the room, saffron calate will require competent, but not too complicated care:

  • in the spring-summer period, irrigation measures should be plentiful, using soft and warm water so that at the stage of active growth the soil is moist, but not waterlogged;
  • winter watering should be reduced, but the soil of the flower pot should not have time to dry out very much;
  • in the phase of active growth, the plant needs to be fed with special complex fertilizers suitable for growing decorative and deciduous crops in a reduced concentration;

  • the nutrient substrate in the flower pot should be slightly acidic, well-drained and fairly loose, so ready-made soils are ideal for arrowroot culture;
  • for self-preparation of the soil mixture, it is recommended to mix sheet soil, humus, peat and medium-grained sand in a ratio of 2: 1: 1: 1, with the addition of crushed pine bark, perlite and charcoal.

For growing in indoor floriculture, wide, but not too shallow flower pots with a thick drainage layer are best suited. Saffron young calathea should be transplanted annually, as the landing tank becomes cramped for the root system. In the spring, during transplantation, the rhizome can be divided into separate fragments, due to which it is possible to quickly and seamlessly reproduce the perennial.

How to transplant croate kaleate

Disease prevention

The loss of decorative effect and the death of calathea can be caused not only by improper care, but also by the defeat of various diseases or pests. The main problem when growing in home floriculture is often yellowing and wilting of leaves. In order to timely detect the affected parts of the culture and take the necessary treatment measures, regular inspections of indoor flowers should be carried out. Diseases caused by improper care include:

  • drying out of the tips of the leaves and growth retardation due to insufficient watering or too low levels of humidity in the house;
  • foliage falls and curls most often due to cultivation in rooms with too dry air;
  • rotting of the stem part and foliage can be caused by low temperature conditions;
  • foliage acquires an uncharacteristic pale staining for the species with excessive sunlight.

Indoor saffron calathea is relatively rarely affected by plant parasites, including a spider mite, scutellum, whiteflies and mealybug. If with a disease of a non-infectious nature, it is enough to provide the plant with proper care, then to combat pests and pathogenic microflora, strong means will be required.

Indoor plants should be treated with the preparation "Actofit"diluted at the rate of 4 ml per liter of water. After a couple of weeks you need to spray the aerial part with Confidor, diluted at the rate of a quarter of the packet per liter of room temperature water.

Croat Calathea Care Tips

Despite the fact that croate kaleate is considered to be a rather capricious and demanding crop, strict adherence to simple rules allows for abundant flowering and high decorativeness of the green mass of a houseplant.

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