Almost every summer resident on his plot grows tomatoes. Such a popularity of this vegetable culture is connected with the fact that a large number of various dishes are prepared from tomatoes, starting with salads and juices, ending with soups and main dishes. However, to ensure such diversity, each summer resident should take care of getting a good harvest, and for this he needs to know when to plant tomatoes for seedlings in 2018. Understanding this topic will help many years of experience as summer experts.
To get a good yield, summer residents need to organize in time not only planting crops in open soil or a greenhouse structure, but also prepare the seeds. In February or early March, you should purchase soil and pots, as well as pick up seeds. The sowing dates of tomato seeds vary depending on their variety, so special attention should be paid to the acquired variety of culture. It is worth considering that it is not necessary to fully rely on the information given on the reverse side of the packaging from the seeds, since it usually indicates recommendations for sowing in the climatic conditions of Central European countries.
So, different varieties of tomatoes should be sown in a different period:
Typically, tomato shoots after sowing seeds appear after 4-9 days. With sufficient lighting for about 20 days, the plant gives a pair of full leaves, at which time it should be dived.
If the seedlings are planned to be planted in greenhouse constructions made of glass or cellular polycarbonate, the week lasting from 02/26/17 to 03/02/17 is considered the optimal interval for sowing. For film greenhouses, tomato sowing should be organized on March 6-13.
For planting in open ground, seedlings are suitable, the age of which is 50-60 days. By this time, you need to add 7 days, necessary for the emergence of seedlings after sowing, and the same for the acclimatization of the plant after transplantation. You can plant seedlings in open ground after the last frost has ended, planting in a greenhouse can be arranged a little earlier. Properly grown seedlings are characterized by a stem thickness of 1 centimeter, as well as a height of 30-35 centimeters.
From the date of the calculated tomato planting, which, incidentally, coincides with the period of pepper planting in the soil, it is required to subtract 50-60 days necessary for the tomato to grow at home, as well as 15 days for the plant to acclimatize. It turns out that it is necessary to sow tomatoes 2.5 months before the desired date of planting. Planting plants on a permanent site is required in cloudy, calm weather.
In the Moscow region it is necessary to sow tomato seeds for cultivation in open ground in early March, and in film greenhouses - in mid-March. In Siberia and the Urals, sowing should be carried out from March to April. The exact sowing date can be calculated using the above technology. The main thing in this matter is to reveal the period of the last frosts.
When calculating the following should be considered:
These factors must be taken into account, since their adverse effect can adversely affect the condition of the plant, as well as reduce its yield.
Seedlings are allowed to be stored on the windowsill for no more than 2 months, and after this period it must be planted in open ground or in the greenhouse space. The optimal shelf life of seedlings at home is 50-55 days. If there is a need to store it on the windowsill longer than this time, the summer resident should allocate 1-5 liters of soil for each plant. Naturally, such a number of pots can not fit on the windowsill, so it is hardly advisable to sow seedlings earlier than the recommended time, of course, if the summer resident does not own a greenhouse with heating. Crops can be stored on the windowsill until they grow.
It has been proven by many years of experience that the strongest plant crops grow from seedlings planted from late March to early April. It was at this time that it began to grow more actively, in comparison with the February plant material.
Transplanting to greenhouses is usually carried out in early May, because at this time frosts end. Tomatoes should be planted only in warm ground. The optimal soil temperature for this is 10-15 degrees, and at least 8 degrees. In heated greenhouses, such temperature indicators are achieved earlier. Landing in film structures is better to postpone until May 20-31. In open ground, tomatoes are required to be planted on June 10-20. In this case, it is worth considering the region and the possibility of repeated frosts.
Ready for transplanting seedlings can be determined by the presence of:
Such seedlings, planted in the right period, can give a rich harvest.
Many gardeners are convinced that the moon favorably affects the quality of the future crop, so tomatoes should be planted exclusively on favorable lunar days. The lunar calendar gives several recommendations for planting a tomato in 2018.
Despite the recommendations listed above, the lunar calendar highlights the following favorable days for summer cottages:
Tomatoes must be planted on their permanent site 2 months after emergence. The optimal height of seedlings is 35 centimeters. Before sowing, seeds must be soaked for 1 day.
Folk omens play an important role in planting plant crops, because none other than nature will tell the summer clerk the optimal time for planting plants. So, according to popular beliefs, the ideal period for planting a tomato in 2018 is the beginning of flowering of mountain ash or viburnum.
There are also other folk signs:
There is also a folk method that allows you to find out about the readiness of the soil for planting a tomato. To do this, take a stick and draw it with a pointed end over the excavated area. If at this time the soil will be smeared, it means that it is too early to plant plants in it, and if it crumbles, you can safely start work.
When sowing and planting tomatoes, one should take into account not only the recommendations of omens, the lunar calendar, as well as instructions on packages from seeds, but also the climate. The combination of all these factors will allow you to calculate the optimal planting time of this crop to obtain the most rich harvest.