Geotextiles: characteristics, advantages and features of application in landscape design

The use of geotextiles allows the plants to be fully protected not only from frost, but also from sunlight in the summer. Such modern material has proven itself in various areas of home gardening and horticulture, so it has become very popular and in demand in the suburban area.

Geotextiles: characteristics and advantages of the material

Geotextile fabric belongs to the category of geosynthetics and can be represented by needle-punched, heat-bonded or hydro-bonded materials created on the basis of polypropylene or polyester yarns.

Geotextiles are the best choice for modern design and have the following main characteristics:

  • surface density - 150-600 g / m²;
  • breaking load in width - 180-960 N / m;
  • breaking load along the length - 280-1140 N / m;
  • elongation in length under load conditions of 25% of the breaking load varies in the range of 20-28%;
  • the elongation in width under a load of 25% of the breaking load varies in the range of 25-34%;
  • filtration coefficient - 20;
  • coefficient of resistance to low-temperature regimes - 0.9.

Advantages presented:

  • resistance to increased loads;
  • lack of deformation;
  • the presence of the functions of the reinforcing material;
  • high rates of permeability;
  • the ability to perform high-quality filtering;
  • isotropy and uniformity of properties, regardless of direction;
  • the possibility of elongation up to 45-50% at break in conditions of full preservation of functional characteristics;
  • increased strength and chemical resistance.

Among other things, if necessary, various fastening methods can be used.

How to deal with weeds: geotextiles

The main types of geotextiles

Today, several types of such modern material are used in gardening and horticulture.

Depending on the features of the production technology, such a material may be:

  • calendered or thermally bonded, produced by bonding in the conditions of high temperature continuous fibers. The fabric made in this way is very durable, due to the tightly combined fibers. The disadvantage is filtering in the transverse direction and the fast filling of pores with dirt or mud compounds;
  • needle-punched material made from polyester or propylene fibers. Such a canvas quickly passes water in any direction;
  • knitting stitching web based on polyester and polypropylene fibers with a continuous length. In order to maximize the strong connection, stitching is used with threads. A significant drawback is the complete loss of quality when breaking one thread.

Depending on the type and characteristics of the feedstock, the geotextile web can be polypropylene, polyester, polyamyl or made of low-pressure polyethylene.

The use of textiles for the garden

The use of geotextile fabric for the garden or in landscape work is very in demand. Such modern material is used to protect the infield from weeds and in various design decisions.

Geotextile from weeds

Weed vegetation can cause a lot of problems when cultivating various plants. Weed grass interferes with the full development of any home crops, including flowers, vegetables and fruit plants.

To minimize the need to perform weeding, it is necessary to use environmentally friendly and economical, modern geotextile fibers. Landing protection is most often carried out with a fabric that is black. Such textiles are especially highly valued when creating landscape compositions, but in recent years they are increasingly used on ordinary garden ridges and in the zone of garden plantings.

The use of geotextiles in landscaping

The scope of geotextile fabric is quite extensive, and ease of use, reliability and durability make such a material indispensable in landscape work:

  • when arranging the landscape on low fertile soils, it is possible to increase the quality and quantity of the fertile layer and protect it with textiles from subsequent leaching. In this case, the material is cured under the ground;
  • geotikstilny layer allows you to limit the growth of weeds and helps the root system of crops to obtain the necessary amount of nutrients;
  • Geotextiles have proven themselves in laying tracks and garden paths with slabs, stone or paving stones. This material protects the sand cushion from leaching and reduces the chance of settling;
  • it is allowed to use textiles when creating drainage of the foundation foundation and as an obstacle to silting the drainage pipes;
  • the use of geotextiles is relevant in works with expanded clay, when pouring floors, in order to isolate the bases. It gives good results as a filter material for reinforcement, to minimize precipitation.

Geotextile fabric in large quantities is used in the arrangement of the coating at the bottom of artificial ponds and ponds.

Varieties of covering materials

To create a roof garden

Roof garden design is a modern and very bright, unusual solution. Roof landscaping is carried out in several stages:

  • the first layer is represented directly by the supporting structures in the form of a concrete floor slab and cement-sand screed;
  • the second layer uses the most reliable waterproofing to prevent leaks. It is best to perform such a layer of deposited coiled bitumen-polymer materials with a bend to the height of the thickness of the insulation plus a few centimeters of stock;
  • the third heat-insulating layer can be represented by high-quality cork boards, extruded polystyrene foam or foamed polyurethane, tightly laid together using special glue;
  • to create a fourth layer that prevents the penetration of the root system of plants, it is recommended to use a root-protective membrane in the form of an elastic polymer cellular strip or film with a special metal coating;

  • as a fifth, intermediate layer, rolled geotextiles are used, the strips of which must be overlapped;
  • 5-10 cm thick drainage layer is mounted on top of the textile fabric. This layer removes excess water well and also retains moisture during occasional watering. As a rule, such drainage is combined with a drainage system and consists of perlite coke, crushed pumice, polyamide or light expanded clay gravel;
  • on top of the drainage, another geotextile layer is mounted, which acts as a filter for small particles that are washed out of the ground.

At the final stage of greening the roof, a high-quality garden substrate is poured in the form of a soil-based mixture with the addition of components such as fine-grained sand, perlite, peat, expanded clay, clay, wood chips, slate and crushed bark. The thickness of such soil may vary depending on the type of root system of the planted plants.

How to use geotextile fabric when creating ponds

When creating artificial ponds and ponds, it is necessary to use material with an increased density of approximately 250-300 g per square meter, as well as a geomembrane. The waterproofing membrane requires reliable protection against damage.

The unique properties of modern geotextiles helps protect water from blooming. Such materials are very resistant to basic loads, and the laying method is selected taking into account the characteristics of the soil. Most often, installation is performed under a geomembrane, but the material can be laid both above the membrane, and at the same time two sides. The latter option is the most reliable and durable.

Construction application

Geotextiles are often used in construction, in order to strengthen the soil's bearing capacity. Its use under the foundation of the building allows you to make the soil more stable for loads. Geotextile can help to separate the layers of slab foundations in the construction of frame structures and tall houses made of cellular concrete. The material must be spread to the bottom of a dug pit and sprinkled with a crushed stone pillow. On top of the gravel, you also need to lay a waterproofing layer.

Geotextile for flowers

Geotextiles belong to the category of modern and universal materials, and its application will not require special skills or professional tools. The use of such materials can significantly simplify the work on the personal plot and activities aimed at landscaping.

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