Florists adore incredibly tender and bright marigolds, because these plants look great in various flower gardens and summer plantings.
The Latin name of this plant is Tagetes, in the people it is sometimes called Chernobrivtsi. Flowers belong to the family Asteraceae, capable of growing 1 year or for 2 or more years. They are part of the asters family. Initially, the plant appeared on the territory of South and Central America. Marigolds were first brought to European countries in the 16th century, since then they were especially popular and were considered the first foreign flowers.
The resulting plant name is associated with Carl Linnaeus. He named it that way, honoring a mythological hero, a demigod named Tages, who was the grandson of Jupiter. To date, about 50 species of marigolds are known to mankind. They land in different parts of the world. Each type of plant has many unique beauty varieties. Breeders continue to receive new unusual decorative items that differ in their properties.
The plant has the shape of a bush, its stems are straight, differ in branches in different directions. The height can vary from 20 to 135 cm. Chernobrivtsi are endowed with a fibrous root system. Leaves are moderately green, dark or light in color. They are distinguished by feathery dissection, they can be regular or opposite. The flower basket has a variety of colors. Sometimes it is yellow, for example, the variety Yellow, brown or red (Red brocade), orange (flowers of the variety Orange Flame).
Middle flowers are different from marginal. The former are tubular and bisexual, and the latter are false-lingual. The fruits look like a linear achene. Marigolds are able to sow independently and plentifully. Germination persists for 3-4 years.
The culture boasts a flowering time. They begin to please the eye from the beginning of summer and until the first frosts come. The plant in question is endowed not only with beauty, but also with a persistent pleasant aroma. It comes mostly from leaves.
Studies conducted by doctors at the present stage prove the presence of medicinal properties in marigolds. This adds to the plant's benefits; it is often planted not only because you want to admire beautiful flowers, but also to perform therapeutic measures.
The composition of the flowers contains a substance called lutein. It provides a reduction in the likelihood of cataracts in humans.
In folk recipes, black mane is used as an ingredient to eliminate or prevent the development of diseases such as pancreatitis, diabetes mellitus. If you dry a medicinal plant, prepare a decoction from it and insist, then you can get rid of stomatitis, asthma without the use of factory-made medicines, but you need to be careful. It is also used for colds, to cleanse the blood. To make an infusion, you need 1 tbsp of boiling water to take 1 tbsp. l finely chopped flowers (they are poured with boiling water). The resulting mixture should be infused for 3 hours. The infusion is used 30 minutes before a meal for 30 days, 200 ml each.
People often add decoction of marigolds to the water before taking a bath. This helps with depressive states, during neurosis, because it has a beneficial effect on the psychoemotional state by normalizing the functioning of the human nervous system. Such a bath procedure can eliminate the feeling of anxiety, relieve stress.
Many years ago, residents of South American countries used the black man to cook food. They acted as fragrant seasoning in the process of obtaining various sauces for main dishes, were used for the manufacture of marinade, bakery products. Leaves in marinades contribute to the appearance of canned aroma and moderate elasticity in canned vegetables. In the Caucasus, you can find these plants in the form of a powder for cooking. It is put in soup, pilaf, etc. Among the culinary culture is known as Imereti saffron. In France, in order to prepare dishes for true connoisseurs of culinary delights, a large-scale industrial cultivation of flowers is provided.
At home, using an exclusive ingredient, you can bake delicious cookies. For cooking you need:
At the present stage, there are various types of marigolds that differ in certain characteristics. Acquired a large number of fans of the Chernobriv erect variety. Their main difference is that these flowers are tall and able to form a chic bush, which is an undoubted advantage.
The varieties rejected also enjoy success, the height of which varies within the minimum values. From them you can create very beautiful compositions on summer flower beds. But thin-leaved trees are not widely represented in the area, which distinguishes them from other species from the considered category of flowers.
The varieties listed above include a wide variety of variations. Breeders brought a huge number of representatives of this flower. Of these, small-colored marigolds are most widely represented, however, species with large flowers are found quite often, since they have an attractive appearance. Small Chernobrivtsi have a more perfect appearance in those cases when their petals are terry. Among the densely terry species, you can find various colors and shades, but the most common are white, yellow and golden variations.
A special place is occupied by a group of erect (or African) representatives of the Chernobrivites.
Unlike other species, the mentioned variety of plants has a distinctive feature, as it has very large sizes. The height of one flower reaches 1 m, which is impressive, and immediately there is a desire to certainly see it on your own flower bed.
The most widely used erect marigolds are vanilla flowers. Their height is on average 70 cm, diameter - 12 cm, and the inflorescences are cream and terry. In the same category there are flowers called Kilimanjaro, whose growth varies within 65 cm. Kilimanjaro inflorescences are 11 cm in diameter, in shape they resemble a beautiful, terry ball.
Antigua - this is another representative of the erect black-browed. Unlike other species from the considered group, it does not differ in excessive height. Usually its height is 25 cm, but the inflorescences are quite large, since their diameter is approximately 15 cm, which Antigua is superior to other brothers. Its color is different, but most often the flowers are yellow with a golden hue.
Marigold Taishan are representatives of a group of upright plants. Their height is on average 27 cm. Although the bushes are small, they are quite durable. Among upright plants, the Eskimo variety deserves attention. Its flowers have an interesting vanilla color. The bushes themselves are low, attractive double flowers are collected in inflorescences.
Discovery also belongs to this group. They are annual plants, have a small height (up to 25 cm), and terry inflorescences in diameter reach 8 cm. Hawaii is another representative of this category. The culture has large inflorescences, the height of the bush is up to 90 cm.
The Funky Clown variety with incredible colors is especially distinguished. They are compact and unpretentious, bloom until September. Double color: bright orange and yellow. The tones alternate strictly in order ...
The undersized Chernobrivs have other names, they are called rejected in the literature, and a variant of French flowers is also found. Their main feature is that they do not exceed 60 cm in height, which decorators often like. In general, representatives of this group are characterized by compactness, in their bushes there are a large number of inflorescences. They are usually terry, but there is also a mixture with non-double inflorescences. In diameter, they reach 8 cm.
Marigolds of Bonanza in the considered group are the most popular. Their height is approximately equal to 30 cm. The bushes are quite sprawling. In this category, specialists distinguish the Bonanza Flame variety, since they have the most attractive appearance. In addition to them, Bolero marigolds are highly valued. They are of interest due to the high level of decorativeness. Most often they are terry, have a bright and variegated color. Their inflorescences in diameter reach 6 cm. The flowering period is quite long.
Among low-growing plants, the Carmen variety also belongs to the category mini. This is a real decoration of flower beds, but they can also be grown in hanging pots, which are placed on the balcony and other structures. Carmen is distinguished by the presence of corrugated petals that have an orange palette. Marigolds Red Carmen are less common, but still quite common.
Variety Drongo acts as representatives of the variety rejected. They are ranked as a series of anemone-like black browers. They begin to bloom early, which pleases gardeners. The pretty attractive Mercedes flowers are also rejected. Summer residents note their spectacular appearance, created due to the low and compact bushes, which host a large number of bright inflorescences. Another representative of rejected marigolds is Mandarin. Its height is 25 cm, it is interesting in bright orange.
Chernobrivtsy from the group of thin-leaved still got the name Mexican. From all other species, they are quite different in appearance, as they have a different shape. Their petals are characterized by increased openwork, which makes the flowers very beautiful. Among leafy plants, a very large number of different varieties are known. Marigolds Mimimiks are characterized by compactness. Their bushes are low, dense and very attractive. Mimimix inflorescences are represented by various palettes.
Marigold Durango is well suited for landscaping flower beds. They belong to the variety of anemic flowers. The bush is small, neat. The plant is distinguished by a large number of terry inflorescences.
With the cultivation of marigolds, as evidenced by the reviews of experienced gardeners, there are no problems even for beginners because of the unpretentiousness of the plant. In the soil in the last spring month (at this time the soil warms up at a sufficient level), it is allowed to sow seeds. If the flowers are annuals, then you will have to collect the seeds and sow them again next year. Perennial species need to be planted 1 time, they will breed independently. The seeds germinate well, if the seedlings turn out to be too thick, it is necessary to seed them or pull out the extra ones in the absence of space.
It is allowed to drip ready bushes with flowers on the street, if before that they grew on a balcony or indoors. Plants will take over and will bloom for a long time. An interesting fact is that this flower acts as an excellent vegetable companion. It is often planted where cucumbers grow between beds. When the cucumber tops dry up, the black-breeders continue to decorate and green the space.
You can sow marigolds for seedlings in winter or early spring. From the time of sowing will depend on how early flowering begins. It is allowed to sow flowers in the snail, it is very convenient for further manipulations. It is allowed to perform picking or transplanting of plants in diapers.
When seedlings are grown, it is necessary to ensure that the trunks are sufficiently extended in length, for this certain conditions are met. You can use the following description of actions: prepare the soil from humus, turf, sand and peat. She is fertilizing. Proportion - 1 part of each component except sand, it must be taken 0.5. Furrows are made with a distance of several cm. Seeds are laid on top, sprinkled with soil (thin layer).
Watering is done carefully to prevent leaching of seeds. After the appearance of the sprouts, the container is transported to a lighter place, the temperature should be about 17 °. Compliance with all requirements will allow you to get beautiful bushes.
Marigolds are precisely those flowers that delight both children and adults with their appearance. They do not require special care and are unpretentious, which makes you make a choice in their favor.