Repairing varieties of strawberries are especially popular among gardeners and gardeners. Among them, Mara de Bois can be noted, strawberries of this variety differ from their "relatives" not only in the ability to receive several crops a year, but also in the amazing aroma of wild strawberries, for which they love and appreciate it all over the world.
Variety Mara de Bois (translated from French - "forest berry") was created in 1991 in France. He inherited his unique aroma from wild strawberries growing in alpine meadows, and rich sweet taste and size - from cultivated strawberries.
The Mara de Bois hybrid (strawberries + strawberries) has many daughter varieties that differ in larger berries, for example, the Manila variety, but this does not affect the progenitor's popularity in any way. In France, he is considered one of the best. And not only in France. Its description can be found in various varietal catalogs.
The fruits of Mara de Bois are shiny, light red, conical in shape. The largest berries have the size of a walnut. Usually they ripen in early summer and autumn. In the summer, when the heat is, the strawberries are smaller. The weight of one berry is 18-26 g. The fruits are consumed only fresh. They can be stored for 3 days.
Another advantage of the variety is the high aesthetics of the bushes.
Therefore, they are used to decorate the courtyard, balcony, terrace as ampelous ornamental plants. Curly bushes reach a height of 20 cm, have light green leaves. Numerous peduncles are located below the leaves in a circle, a fountain.
Like almost all strawberries, the Mara de Bois variety bears fruit from late spring (early summer) to late autumn. It gives good harvests in greenhouses, and there it can bear fruit year-round. Long rains do not affect the taste and aroma of the berry, however, in sunny weather, these qualities are enhanced.
Removable strawberries bloom a little later than the early varieties, so the return frosts that are possible in the spring do not threaten it. Propagated by antennae. To obtain a large number of outlets, in order to update the planting material, flower stalks are pinched to her.
For a year, strawberries Mara de Bois can produce several crops. With good care from one bush, you can collect up to 0.5 kg of delicious and fragrant berries.
The optimal period for planting seedlings is April-May, depending on the region. In the northern regions, this work can be carried out in early June. A site for strawberries should be selected in advance and all preparatory work should be carried out on it. It should be a place open to the sun. Cultivated strawberries love fertilized and slightly acidified soils, so first you need to add compost (humus) and inorganic fertilizers (at the rate of 1 bucket of compost and 40 g of fertilizer per 1 m²) to a depth of 25-30 cm. Then, the site is dug up. After the earth has settled down (about 3 weeks later), you can start planting seedlings. Bushes are planted at a distance of 30 cm from each other, and the aisle should be 40 cm. Some summer residents use aisles to remove the antennae and obtain new plants. When landing, you need to ensure that the growth point of the outlet is at ground level. If the root system of the plant is damaged, the broken roots should be removed, and the place of cut should be treated with ash.
When the plants are planted, the plot is well watered and mulched. For this purpose, use hay, straw or sawdust. Mulch will retain moisture, protect strawberries from annual weeds and fungal diseases. You can use black film.
For the first time, it is recommended to cover the landings with foil. Reviews of gardeners indicate that in this case, young plants are better accepted.
Remember: 4 years is the maximum period for growing a berry culture in one place. Then it must be transplanted.
Planting care consists in weeding, loosening the soil, watering and top dressing. Do not leave weeds torn off near the bushes, so as not to attract pests and provoke diseases.
Since strawberries bear fruit, it can be said, in a continuous mode, top dressing should also be carried out regularly. Otherwise, the expected yield may not be obtained.
The first top dressing is done in the spring, when the first leaves appear. This applies to plants that have been growing on the site for several years. Complex fertilizer is bred in water and strawberries are watered. At this time, plants are especially in need of nitrogen. Then you can water 2 times a month with a solution of infused mullein (1 liter per bucket of water). The Osmokot fertilizer with prolonged action has good reviews. It is introduced as follows: mentally outline a circle with a radius of 8-10 cm around the plant and 8-9 granules of fertilizer are buried along the line.
When buds are formed, a fertilizer with an equal amount of nitrogen, potassium and phosphorus is preferred. It is potassium that affects the number of peduncles and their quality.
If the soil is sandy, once a year you need to spray it with a weak aqueous solution of boric acid; if calcareous - with a weak solution of potassium permanganate and “Tsitovir”.
Among the diseases affecting the strawberries of Mara de Bois, one can distinguish gray rot and brown spotting. To prevent the disease from brown spotting, in early spring, before the start of the growth of new leaves, the plants are sprayed with Bordeaux liquid. Good reviews and the drug “Kurzat”. From gray rot, proper watering of plants can be prevented: along the perimeter under the root, not the bushes themselves, or you can use drip irrigation. During flowering, the plants are sprayed with Roval, which does not pose any danger to humans, since it does not accumulate in the fruits of strawberries. Powdery mildew Mara de Bois is almost not affected.
Pests can also threaten strawberries: snails, slugs, aphids, ticks, ants. From aphids and ticks, planting is treated with a soapy solution or infusion of onion husks. A good mulch also protects against some pests. For frightening purposes, you can plant garlic, onions, marigolds and calendula next to strawberries.
Strawberry Mara de Bois belongs to the frost-resistant varieties, so it tolerates moderate frosts well. If it is grown in areas with possible early frosts, it is better to cover the garden.
There is nothing complicated in caring for a berry. By planting it on the site, you can enjoy the delicious sweet fruits of a hybrid variety all summer, to which alpine strawberries gave off their unsurpassed aroma.