Transplanting junipers to the cottage or around the country house will not only improve the appearance of the site, but also have a beneficial effect on the ecology of the environment. Where juniper grows, there the air becomes cleaner. During the day, one bush secretes from 30 to 50 g of volatile, suppressing pathogenic microbes. One juniper is enough for every hundredth of the plot to create a healthy atmosphere comparable to a coniferous forest.
Juniper is distributed around the world and has more than 70 species. It belongs to the cypress family, and, indeed, among its species there are specimens resembling slender high cypresses. But there are others. In subtropical countries, tree types are widespread, reaching 10-15 m in height and forming forests. Juniper wood is being harvested in these forests, which is used to make pencils, pipes and canes.
Juniper is more characteristic of the middle zone of Russia; it is it that is most often found in the forest. There you can take planting material. Outside the Urals and Siberia, besides the common one, Cossack juniper is widespread. In decorative nurseries and at botanical stations, other decorative species are cultivated, which are available for sale and accessible to landscape design lovers.
It is easiest to transplant juniper from the forest, if you follow simple rules. This coniferous plant is unpretentious and ready for reproduction. He has male and female spikelets: male emit pollen; on female after pollination, fragrant cone berries appear, which are appreciated by chefs, perfumers and pharmacologists. Cones can be used for planting, but there are other, more convenient ways of cultivation.
Tips for transplanting a juniper bush from the forest often come down to the primitive "dig and bring." However, if transplanting junipers poses a more difficult task with decorating the site, then all options should be considered, especially since a plant transplanted directly from the forest can cause diseases for other trees and shrubs.
Juniper in the fall is a wonderful source of planting material, you can take from it:
Reproduction by seeds is a troublesome and unhurried business, seeds germinate in the second year of sowing. The easiest way to transplant junipers is with cuttings. The technology is uncomplicated and differs little from the cuttings of other cultures:
Juniper can be grown by vaccination. This is done with rare, especially valuable specimens. So that the vaccine does not die and take root, they select a stock of the same or close type. You cannot rush with trimming and crown formation. At first, only dried and diseased twigs are cut.
The bush will be ready for decorative pruning not earlier than 4-5 years of age, when it begins to branch.
Juniper grows to 600 years, enough time for design experiments.
If a creeping look is available, then the shoots are pinned to the ground and covered with a mixture of peat and sand. During the season, they are regularly watered and loosened, so that next spring they can chop off the uterus plant and transplant it for growing.
Juniper is unpretentious and can stand up for itself, but it also has parasitic enemies. Human help will be required for:
For the harmony of the garden, it should be remembered that in nature coniferous and deciduous trees compete and suppress each other, so when planting fruit crops, you should choose a safe distance for them.
Juniper transplant efforts will be appreciated. Let them grow with an interval of 0.5-4 m and become decoration of the site or elements of a hedge. Coniferous thickets will purify the air and give a harvest of cones, which will find their application in home cooking.