New Jersey is, of course, a state in faraway America. So say all those who are not "sick" with roses, but those who are passionate about them, who plant these magnificent flowers next door to themselves, know that New Jersey is also a great variety of tea-hybrid rose that impresses with its incredible beauty, coloring of delicate petals and their aroma.
The New Jersey hybrid tea rose variety is a tall, well-leafy bush with a height of 90 cm.. Despite the rather large size, the plant is quite compact, since its width rarely exceeds 50-60 cm. The stems of this rose are straight, of medium branching, covered with smooth bark. Leaf blades typical of the hybrid tea family form, glossy, densely green.
The New Jersey variety takes on special charm during flowering. Medium-sized buds reach a width of 7 cm. The upper surface of the petals is painted red and their lower side is yellow. The same shade extends to the "root" of the petals, so that the blossoming petals become like hot coals. The buds of these roses are considered to be thick double, since they consist of 35-36 petals.
The New Jersey rose variety is used for landscaping in single and group plantings, and also works great in cutting. Buds and already opened flowers well tolerate being in ordinary standing water, however, for a longer preservation of their beauty and freshness, it is recommended to add a little salicylic acid to it. If not, a few grains of citric acid will do.
New Jersey is a typical tea-hybrid rose and fully justifies the title of Queen of Flowers. Like all crowned persons, she is capricious and does not tolerate poor soil fertility, cooling, excessive humidity and other factors unpleasant for her. New Jersey reacts sharply to a lack of care, and may refuse to bloom at all. To prevent this from happening, rose lovers need to follow many rules, as well as capture the mood of the beautiful rose throughout the growing season.
The New Jersey rose landing site is chosen based on the love of this type of rose for light and its dislike for sudden gusts of wind. The bushes should be shined with the sun most of the day, but from the harsh wind, especially the north, it needs to be protected. The most suitable place for the New Jersey rose is the south side of the plot, closed to the north by buildings, tall shrubs or trees.
The soil for the rose should meet the classic requirements of this culture for the soil:
So, the place for the beautiful New Jersey is chosen, you can proceed directly to the landing. Before settling the rose in a permanent place, you need to immerse it in water so that the roots and the place of vaccination are saturated with moisture. For better plant survival, you can add humate or a solution of the root stimulant to the water.
While the rose is resting and saturated with life-giving water, the gardener should take care of the landing pit. Its size should correspond to the size of the root system. As a rule, the length of the sides of the pit for a tea-hybrid family rose is from 30 to 50 cm, the depth of the pits does not exceed 40-50 cm.
New Jersey rose hole bottom needs to be loosened, adding a little rooting agent and complex fertilizer to the soil. Of course, you can do without the latter, especially if the soil a month before planting bushes was thoroughly seasoned with compost, humus and peat. After the knoll is formed at the bottom of the fossa, a seedling is placed on it, the roots of which are previously dipped in a talker of cow manure and clay, and it is necessarily covered just above the place of vaccination.
After thoroughly compacting the soil, the rose needs to be watered. So that water does not flow from the basal circle, you can make a roller from the soil at a distance of 20-30 cm from the center of the future bush. To preserve moisture, experienced growers are advised to grow a rose after watering, forming a mound 7-10 cm high during spring planting, or 10-15 during autumn.
Judging by the reviews of fans of this variety, the New Jersey rose is very whimsical in terms of care. Even a small difference in moisture up or down can lead to a change in the appearance of the buds. So, when the earth coma is slightly dry, the beauty of New Jersey forms smaller and paler buds, which also lose their aroma. In addition, the bush can lose most of the foliage, which will lose its decorative effect. To prevent this from happening, you need to water the roses once a week, but quite abundantly. In rainy times, watering is stopped. In autumn, it will be enough to deliver moisture to the roots of New Jersey roses twice a month.
Since spring, the rose needs additional nutrition. During the growth of green mass, the bushes are fed with nitrogen (up to 20 g of nitrate or urea per bucket of water) once a week after watering. Alternation with organics (chicken manure infusion) will make the bushes more powerful and beautiful.
During the bud formation period, potassium is added to nitrogen fertilizers, while up to 60 g of urea, up to 25 g of nitrate and at least 15 g of potassium salt are added to a bucket of water. After buds open, the amount of nitrogen fertilizer is halved, and potassium is added to 20-25 g per bucket of water.
A competent haircut is an important moment in growing a New Jersey rose. Since this variety of roses blooms at the growth of the current year, it is recommended in the spring to prune it severely or moderately, depending on the condition of the bush. In the first year after planting, pruning is done for 2-3 buds, in subsequent years - for 5 or 7. During the summer, additional pruning of bushes can be carried out to stimulate repeated flowering.
Important! When cutting roses for a bouquet, do not remove more than two peduncles from one plant. This can weaken the plant and reduce flowering.
In the fall, New Jersey roses are pruned in late October. All unblown buds, as well as unripe and damaged shoots, which in 90% do not survive the winter and become sources of infections, are subject to removal. After pruning, the bushes can be insulated with spruce branches, and their base should be covered with peat to a height of 30 cm. In the northern latitudes, roses will need to build a more sophisticated shelter. To do this, install a box on the bush, stuff it with an organic insulation and cover it with insulating material so that the contents are not wet.
Roses of New Jersey are quite unusual residents of the gardens, as they have an incredibly beautiful color of petals. Growing this culture can not be called simple, but with the application of forces, the bushes will answer the gardeners with incredibly lush and bright flowering.