Marigolds rejected, as well as upright varieties, are a herbaceous plant from the family Asteraceae. There are more than 30 species and a great many bred varieties of these annual and perennial plants. Quite conditionally (according to amateur gardeners), these plants are divided into upright (upright) and rejected.
Although these charming flowers come from America, they acclimatized well in our open spaces. They were brought to Spain by sailors as early as the 16th century, during the time of the Conquest - the Spanish colonization of America. Then this plant spread throughout Europe.
The official name for this flower - Tagetes - was given by Carl Linnaeus when he created his unified classification of plants and animals. He probably called it that because of the beautiful and vivid appearance, similar to the beauty of Tages - the grandson of Jupiter.
However, in different countries the plant has its own names. So, in Germany it is called a student flower, in the UK - Mary's gold (marigold), in Ukraine - black-browed (black-browed). All these names reflect one or another quality of the flower.
Today, marigolds rejected and upright can be found in any household or summer cottage. They adorn the balconies of multi-storey buildings and urban flower beds.
Such popularity of these plants is primarily associated with their decorativeness. After all, flowers can be either simple or double (rejected terry Lemon Jam, Mandarin, Queen Sophia, etc.). Their colors are also diverse and very decorative: from light yellow (erect marigolds Gelber Stein) to bright orange (marigolds rejected by Mandarin) and motley, with red, brown, bordered petals (rejected terry Gold Kopchen).
The bushes of this plant also vary greatly in height. There are tall bushes up to 120 cm (erect, densely terry Gold Dollar). Although most varieties have a height of 50-70 cm, there are quite a few small bushes up to 30 cm high. They are used to decorate borders, rabatka, and decorate balconies. These are, for example, rejected terry marigolds of the Orangeflameme variety (orange, or orange, fire) or marigolds erect Antigua. These are perhaps the smallest bushes, which have a height of just up to 20 cm. With such a small growth, bright yellow or orange flowers in this variety have a diameter of up to 10 cm.
When describing some varieties, 2 main varieties were named. But what is the difference between erect marigolds and rejected ones? In fact, in the classification of plants by the type of stems and the direction of their growth there is no concept of "rejected". But with reference to marigolds it is used.
The main difference between these varieties is that Marigold erect have one central straight stem, and rejected ones do not. In addition, most erect varieties have a greater height than rejected ones.
All varietal marigolds are annuals, so they are propagated only by seeds. But, having acquired seeds once, you can provide yourself with seed material for many years. After all, only 1 gram of seed from 280 to 700 tiny seeds. They retain viability for 1-4 years (erect for shorter periods, for rejected - longer). In addition, both of them successfully reproduce by self-sowing.
One of the most popular varieties that can be found in almost any garden is Bolero. This is a short bush with red-brown-yellow flowers with wavy edges. Plants are very unpretentious, do not require special care or very fertile soil. They can grow both in the sun and in partial shade. Blossom begins within a month and a half after sowing.
Due to the specific smell of flowers, leaves, stems and even roots, this variety is often sown between roses or among cucumbers to repel aphids and other pests (for example, nematodes - worms that cause nematodosis of plants, animals and humans).
For the same purpose, amazingly beautifully blooming Antigua Primrose bushes with large spherical yellow or orange flowers are often used.
But the benefits of marigolds are not limited only to their use in decorative floriculture and to protect plants from pests. Not everyone who gladly raises marigolds in their home, on a balcony or on a plot knows what benefits these plants can bring to the body.
Recently, more and more studies have appeared regarding the composition and possibilities of using the components contained in marigolds for medical (therapeutic) purposes.
Tagetes are valuable in that their flowers contain essential oils. However, there is another group of valuable substances in their composition. These are flavonoids - chemical compounds with antioxidant properties.
Some of them have an antibacterial effect. And the flavonoids rutin and quercin contained in the flowers of upright marigolds, especially in combination with ascorbic acid, strengthen the walls of blood vessels and inhibit blood clotting, thus preventing thrombosis.
To date, many representatives of traditional medicine use marigold dry extract for the treatment of gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer.
Due to the very high content of carotenoids (provitamin A), infusions and decoctions of marigolds can positively affect a person's vision. Also, based on one of them - lutein - they prepare food supplements and eye drops.
In addition, erect marigolds are widely used in cooking. For example, the well-known Svan salt contains their flowers. There are many seasonings and sauces in which marigold petals are added. The Turks is one of the favorite ingredients of all kinds of seasonings for meat and vegetable dishes. And some of our housewives add whole flowers to canned tomatoes. It turns out very tasty and unusual.