Cutting currants in autumn for beginners is required to get a good harvest, since the fruits appear mainly on young shoots that are no more than two years old. Old shoots have almost no berries, but they slow down the growth of young ones. How to prune currant bushes?
Pruning an old bush of currant is no less important than fertilizing or watering. In the case of currants, the external aesthetic qualities of the plant do not matter, which is how they differ from a large number of other shrubs. Autumn pruning helps to achieve the following:
When deciding how to cut currants, it is worth considering that such a procedure is required not only by the plant itself, but also by the gardener, since the task of harvesting is simplified: the bush has a shaped contour and is small in size.
Another reason for removing old shoots is that they can be affected by a glass-case, the larvae of which begin to eat away the core of the shoot, which significantly weakens the shrub. As a result, the appearance of such a dangerous disease as anthracnose is possible.
Regardless of the type of currant, it requires a large amount of light to form tasty and large fruits, that is, pruning red currants in autumn, like black ones, has its own rules. The scheme will be as follows:
In autumn, after the harvest has been harvested, the unripe and infected tops are removed and infected with diseases or pests. Escaping may require heavy pruning, but it is best to remove it completely.
Particular attention is paid to hollow core branches. The back door inside them indicates the presence of a glass-larva larva, which is a dangerous pest. Such branches need to be removed and burned without regret.
With the complexity of determining the age of the shoot, it is worth taking a closer look at the bark and wood - the old shoots are dark in color.
Not only six-year-old shoots are removed, but also weakened ones, as well as those that touch the ground.
It is possible to intensify the harvest when pruning shoots that are older than 3 years, as well as those that grew less than 20 cm during the season. Old branches are removed at the soil level. The maximum height of the hemp should be 2-3 cm in order to prevent the growth of tops having a common root with an obsolete shoot. All saw cuts need to be treated with garden var.