Blueberry seedlings: growing and planting technology

Using blueberry seedlings is the best way to create a garden or plantation of a beautiful berry. Blueberries from seeds will yield crops only after 7-8 years. Planting seedlings will pay off in 2-3 years. The benefits and amenities are obvious.

Blueberry seed propagation

Growing blueberries from seeds is easier and more reliable than replanting seedlings. However, not everyone wants to wait a long time for the harvest. First of all, blueberry seeds need to be selected from a variety of berry options. Choose the most ripe, tasty and large berries. After that, they are prepared for landing as follows.

  1. The berries are dried and put in the refrigerator or underfloor for the winter, ensuring a constant temperature from 0 to +5.
  2. In spring, as soon as the topsoil thaws, the seeds are sown to a depth of 1-1.5 cm.
  3. The place for planting blueberries with seeds must be mulched with a mixture of peat, sawdust and leaves.
  4. In late May or early June, the first sprouts appear. They need to be regularly watered and fed.

Sowing seeds should be done immediately from the calculation of the permanent placement of bushes. If their germination is low, plant new plants every spring. However, if you select and prepare the seeds yourself, then the germination rate is usually high, since the seed material is fresh. If you have to buy seeds, then take in small batches from different sellers.

You can check the seeds for germination before planting. Put them on a cloth, moisten it with water and keep the seeds moist until they begin to germinate.

It needs to be planted right away, as soon as it becomes clear which seeds are live. Too much germinated seeds may not have time to adapt in the soil. There is one negative side to such germination - seeds need to be planted in warm soil. This means that planting should not be done in the early spring, but only at that period when the soil is finally thawing and everything will begin to grow.

How to transplant blueberry seedlings

Blueberry seedlings and where to get them

Blueberry seedlings are young bushes grown on plantations or in greenhouses from seeds.

In open ground, they are planted 2-3 years after sowing. Three-year-olds are the best option for the formation of future plantations.

There are 3 options for obtaining planting material: grow yourself from the seeds in the greenhouse, buy ready-made seedlings in multiplates (see photo), dig up wild bushes in nature. The optimality of such actions is determined by the capabilities and needs of gardeners.

Wild blueberry seedlings are more tolerant, but their yield is much lower. When growing seedlings at home, you can use the ability of blueberries to root renewal. Under the natural conditions of growth on the moss cover of swamps, this plant quickly captures the space with the help of horizontally spreading roots.

In spring, when the leaves begin to bloom at the blueberry, young shoots from the roots will appear. They can be easily separated from the mother plant and transplanted to a new place. You need to do this as soon as possible. It’s not advisable to carry out such a transplant in the fall, since the roots may not have time to grow. But such an escape along with the root can be transplanted into a pot and sent for wintering in a dark, cool place. In February-March, the future seedling is transferred to a warm, bright room. After the buds swell at such a bush, it can be planted in open ground.

All these are cheap and effective ways to form blueberry plantations. However, if you want to have large bushes with clusters of berries like grapes, you need to buy high-quality seedlings.

Popular varieties and their properties

Blueberries are common throughout the northern hemisphere. It grows in the taiga, tundra and mountains. Despite the ability to grow even in permafrost, it can be grown in fertile cultivated soil.

For the first time, cultivation of blueberries in cultivated conditions began in Canada and the United States of America. Now there are about 20 different varieties of this plant. Each nursery with blueberry plantations specializes in certain varieties, occupying its own specific niche in the market.

Among the variety variety, the following options can be distinguished.

  • Blue Crop. This is the most spectacular and popular variety in America. Its bush reaches a height of almost 2 meters. The berries are tasty and very large - up to 20 mm in diameter. The variety is mid-season. Berries ripen from late July to early August. Despite its large size and high yield, the variety is characterized by good frost resistance.
  • Blue ray. This variety does not have such a tall bush as Blue Crop blueberries. However, its bush is distinguished by its power and ramification. Blue Ray blueberries grow to a length of 2 cm, have a small scar and a characteristic tart taste. Reviews on the yield of this variety are the most flattering - up to 6 kg per season from the bush. In this case, the ripening of berries occurs in early August almost simultaneously.

  • Airlie Blue. The popularity of this variety is due to the ability to give berries before anyone else. Owners of blueberries of this variety manage to harvest already in late June. The disadvantages of this variety are the low height of the bush and unsuitability of berries for transportation. He loses in yield - for the season gives only 4-7 kg of berries.
  • Darrow. A nursery specializing in this variety is counting on spectacular blue large berries. However, the size of the fruit is usually accompanied by a decrease in tolerance. In the Darrow variety, this is manifested in the fact that in the cold summer the berries do not always ripen. This variety should be selected for those who are going to plant blueberries in the comfortable conditions of a long and warm summer.

Blueberries: sowing seeds

There are more and more varieties of blueberries every year. Each nursery seeks to bring out something special. The main efforts of such genetic and selection searches are aimed at increasing productivity due to the size of each berry or their quantity on the bush. So for those who have not yet decided for themselves the problem of “how to grow a blueberry plantation”, there is an extensive field for finding the best options.

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