Juniper planting in spring

How to plant juniper in spring? There is no particular trick in this process, although there are some subtleties. First you need to understand what juniper is.

Junipers and their diversity

Juniper is the collective name of the genus of evergreen coniferous shrubs and trees from the cypress family. On the territory of Russia, shrubs of this genus predominate, but on the Black Sea coast there is a tree juniper. This is a large spreading tree called juniper. In conditions of arid climate, juniper has the ecological function of strengthening slopes and creating conditions for the formation of soil and vegetation.

Archa grows for a long time, but it also lives for centuries. If the climatic conditions of your site allow, plant it. First it will be a fluffy bush, then a slender young tree, and then you will get a fragrant giant with huge roots protruding above the surface of the earth.

In Russia, the most common species is juniper, which grows on the edges of coniferous forests, in the forest-tundra and in the upper zone of the mountains.

Environmental requirements and juniper propagation

Junipers are photophilous, drought tolerant and undemanding to soil conditions. However, when breeding, the specifics of each species must be taken into account. Particularly in need of verification is the demand for temperature. The fact is that among junipers there are species that can grow only in subtropical conditions. They can not survive a long frosty winter. Arctic and taiga species may not withstand the heat and too long summers.

These plants multiply:

  • seeds;
  • cuttings;
  • layering;
  • vaccinations.

This variety of forms is not characteristic of all species. Seed propagation is characteristic mainly for cold-resistant species living in extreme conditions. Moreover, seedlings usually appear only a year after sowing. Layers breed mainly creeping species.

They plant especially rare and valuable species, as well as those for which the environmental conditions of a given area are extreme. This also applies to the blueberry juniper. In this case, the vaccine allows the plant to safely pass the juvenile stage of development and quickly give seeds.

How to plant junipers

Despite the high level of tolerance of juniper, its planting requires knowledge of a number of subtleties and nuances.

You need to know what time to land. If you are a happy owner of a specimen with a closed root system, then you can plant it throughout the growing season. In the hot summer months, such a bush needs to create a small shadow. However, the best time to plant juniper in the open ground is early spring. And you need to do this as soon as the first 10-20 cm of soil has thawed. Autumn planting of this plant is not very desirable, since a slowly growing juniper may not have time to take root before the onset of frost.

It may seem unbelievable, but juniper is one of the few plants that, with the utmost care, can be planted in winter. This is done only if you need to transplant an adult plant. Since the root of the juniper is pivotal, it is impossible to dig a large plant without damaging the root. In winter, the lump of land does not fall apart, so the root system is damaged minimally.

You need to choose the right place. To plant a juniper correctly is to choose a place with good lighting. Transplanting an adult plant is extremely undesirable, so immediately choose places where the sun will illuminate the plant throughout the day. Juniper growing in the shade will have fewer branches, and the crown will be shapeless.

Assess the condition of the soil. For most species, the soil should be acidic. The exception is only the Central Asian and Cossack junipers, they need soil with an alkaline reaction.

To ensure an acid reaction, you need to make sand and as much organic matter as possible (peat, wood shavings, leaves, bark, nutshells). The alkaline reaction is provided by the introduction of flour from dolomite or slaked lime.

At the bottom of the landing pit, it is necessary to form a drainage of brick chips, pebbles and sand. The thickness of the drainage should be about 15-25 cm.

You need to properly prepare the planting material. In the company’s stores they usually sell ready-made seedlings grown in containers from 3 to 5 liters. This is the best planting material. They move easily and quickly take root. They need to be planted directly with a lump of earth, without shaking off the soil.

Large seedlings can be grown only in open ground. Before selling, they are dug up with a large lump of earth, wrapped in burlap or placed in special containers. Such a plant should be planted immediately in a large pit, falling asleep with specially prepared loose soil. If planting was carried out in early spring, then about a bucket of hot water (50-60 ºС) should be poured into the pit before planting, and then after planting, about 10 liters of less hot but not cold water should be added under the root.

Decide on the landscape layout. Juniper is planted to create landscape compositions. Species with a small bush height are most often used to form alpine hills. They look good at their base or as a frame for compositions of conifers.

Trees like juniper trees look good in the open, surrounded by a green lawn or flower beds with stunted perennials.

Juniper planting and care

What to do after landing

Juniper is experiencing a painful transplant and grows very slowly, so in the first year it needs special care. How to care for the plant?

It consists in regular watering and top dressing. In the spring, about once every 2 weeks in dry weather, dilute in warm water a mixture of nitroammophoska (30-40 g per 1 cubic meter), kemira (20 g per 10 liters of water) and 0.5 kg of manure. Pour the juniper under the root with this mixture into a specially formed recess around the bush.

If dry and hot weather is established early, then you can spray the bush from the spray gun. This will help reduce moisture loss and survive a period of restoration of root integrity.

In the first year, the soil around the transplanted plant must be loosened. Do this with all the precautions so as not to damage the root system.

In summer, watering is carried out only in very dry and hot weather. One adult plant needs about 10-30 liters of water. A small plant requires slightly less water, but it needs to be watered more often.

After the juniper has taken root and begins to grow, care for it will be minimal. It is only necessary to do rare top dressing every 2 years, watering is carried out only during a drought.

How to care for juniper

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