Bird cherry ordinary: features and best varieties

Gardeners of our country are well aware of the common bird cherry (Prúnus pádus), or carpal, which is a species of low trees or shrubs from the genus Plums of the Rosaceae family.

Botanical characteristic

Bird cherry ordinary (carpal) - a type of low trees (or rather large and powerful shrubs) several meters high, with an elongated and dense crown. The bark is gray-black, without shine. Young shoots are olive or red-cherry in color.

The leaves are simple, of the next type, ovate-lanceolate or oblong-elliptical in shape, with a sharp point in the apical part and sharp serrated edges, located on the short petioles 1.5 cm long. Stipules are awl-shaped. At the base of the leaf plate is a pair of glands.

The flowers are white or pink, fragrant, collected in fairly long drooping dense brushes 10-12 cm in size. Five sepals and petals. The fruits are represented by spherical black drupes with a diameter of 0.8-1 cm. The flesh is sweetish, with pronounced astringent properties, green, in the air it turns dark purple. Berries contain round ovoid bones. The peak of flowering usually occurs in May-June, and fruit ripening - from July to the end of August.

How to plant bird cherry

Vegetative propagation, root shoots or cuttings, as well as seeds or self-sowing. Abundant flowering is observed every year, and yield indicators vary depending on flower damage by late spring frosts.

For decorative purposes, varieties of bird cherry are often cultivated, having colored leaves, flowers or fruits:

  • pendula with a weeping crown;
  • variegated variegata;
  • plena with double flowers;
  • pink roseiflora;
  • yellow leucocarpa and chlorocarpa;
  • pyramidalis with a pyramidal crown.

Of particular interest for home gardening is the Colorata variety and varieties close to it.

Varieties of bird cherry ordinary

Bird cherry is an unpretentious plant with a fairly high yield. Breeders have bred productive, frost-resistant varieties that produce large and tasty berries with almost no astringency and viscosity.

Grade nameBloomWoodBerriesFeatures
Red tentNumerous4.0-4.5 m high, with a wide, thick oval crownWeight 0.6-0.7 g, with pulp of good tasteSuitable for single and group landings
MavraAnnual and quite plentifulWith a wide pyramidal, fairly dense crown with drooping branchesDark, shiny, relatively largeAnnual, plentiful productivity
In memory of SolomatinWhite fragrant flowersHeight 6-7 m, with a wide pyramidal crown of medium densityLarge, almost non-astringentHigh decorativeness. By mid-June, foliage turns bright purple
DenseMedium, on shortened legs, flowers gathered in dense brushesWith sparse oval crown and drooping branchesShiny, when ripe, change color from red-brown to blackHigh yield and excellent taste.
Late joyMedium, white, short-stalked flowersWith a narrow, dense pyramidal crownShiny, when ripe, change color from brown to blackAnnual abundant flowering and berry formation
Self-fertileFlowers collected from inflorescences of thirty or more piecesPowerful, self-fertile, up to 7 meters high, with a pyramidal crownWeight 0.60-0.70 g. The surface is black. The pulp is green, sweet and sour, with a slight astringencyProductivity is high, about 10-20 kg per tree. Fruiting annual
Purple candleModerate, with flowers collected in small drooping brushes 10-14 cm longWith a narrow, thick pyramidal crownShiny, when ripe, change color from brown to blackBy mid-summer, the foliage acquires a dark purple color, which persists until leaf fall
Siberian beautyModerate, with flowers collected in small drooping brushes 10-14 cm longA plant up to seven meters high, with a dense pyramidal crownBlack, weighing 0.60-0.70 g, with excellent taste.Suitable for single and alley plantings, landscape groups
ColorataPale pink almond-smelling flowers gathered in plentiful drooping brushesUp to 5 m tall, with copper-purple or purple leaves that then turn greenShiny, black, spherical in shape, with astringent pulp. Ripen in late July or AugustDiffers in high winter hardiness, but can be damaged by spring return frosts

Features of the root system and fruits

The superficial, powerful enough, well-developed root system of bird cherry ordinary allows it to easily tolerate dry periods. The plant is able to ennoble and well drain the soil on the site. With high-lying groundwater, the root system quickly absorbs all excess moisture, and foliage falling from bird cherry in the fall contributes to a noticeable decrease in soil acidity and increased fertility.

Landing rules

When planting, some botanical features of this decorative berry culture should be taken into account:

  • the plant is undemanding to the composition of the soil on the site and is perfect for growing on light sandy, as well as medium loamy and heavy clay soils;
  • cultivation of bird cherry is allowed on acidic, neutral and alkaline soils;
  • it is preferable to grow the culture on moist, rich, well-drained soils with a fairly close occurrence of groundwater;
  • bird cherry, especially young, is shade-tolerant, therefore it is allowed to place the plant in the shade and partial shade;
  • To achieve a high yield, bird cherry must be grown in areas well lit by the sun.

It is important to remember that for the decorative forms of bird cherry, good lighting is very important; with significant shading, plants can quickly lose their decorative effect.

Bird cherry ordinary: benefit and harm

Proper care contributes to the high yield of bird cherry and the preservation of its decorative effect. Ornamental varieties are especially in need of watering during the dry season. It is also very important to carry out the timely formation of the crown in order to prevent plant thickening. Slices should be treated with garden var. To rejuvenate and increase yield, it is recommended to carry out a systematic cutting of the crop.

Previous Article

When to plant onions for seedlings in 2019: terms and signs

Next Article

There is a picture of moss, but I don’t know the name