Japanese gladiolus (montbrecia): characteristics, characteristics of planting and care

Japanese gladiolus is a beautiful exquisite flower that looks perfect anywhere. The original name for Japanese gladiolus is Montbrecia. The flower has a beautiful elegant shape that can resemble the shape of irises. Japanese gladiolus is famous for its resistance to weather conditions. It retains its sophisticated fresh look from the first months of summer to late autumn.

In the photo, which shows Japanese gladiolus, you can see flowers that look like funnels. The inflorescence usually opens at the very top. One plant can delight the surrounding world with 10 flowers from bright red to pale pink.

Montbrecia in a bouquet

Creating a bouquet with the participation of Montbrecia, it’s good to add a golden color to it, for example, cereals. They will make the flower look even more elegant and sophisticated. In a bouquet, Montbrecia can withstand up to 4 weeks. During this period, she will fully open her buds to the world. Cutting Japanese gladiolus for a bouquet is very useful for the further growth of flower bulbs. Those who do not want to part with a beautiful flower for the winter can be advised to dry it for a dry bouquet. It will retain the color and shape of the flowers.

What you need to remember when growing

Planting Japanese gladiolus is a simple and understandable thing, even for a beginner grower. For planting you will need Montbretia seeds or “babies” of an already grown plant. The most suitable time for planting is autumn. It is best planted about 5 cm deep. Next year, beautiful flowers will delight. If planting of Japanese gladiolus in seeds is preferred, it is better to do this in February. Seeds are brown with a red tint and very large in size. They ripen in small oval-shaped containers.

If you plant Japanese gladiolus in the seeds, it will bloom only 2 years after planting.

Montbrecia is quite prolific, it has a lot of “babies” that turn into flowers after a year. Keep in mind that the plant grows rapidly and forms colonies. If the plant becomes denser, its flowering becomes worse, and may even cease. For harmonious growth, flowers should be planted once every 4-5 years at the beginning of spring before flowering. To use children for flower propagation is the most optimal way to spread Montbrecia on the farm.

In May, when the earth warms up enough, corms can be planted in the ground to a depth of 7 to 10 cm, while corms should be located at a distance of about 11-12 cm from each other. It is most favorable for seeds if the soil is prepared in advance in September-October and fertilized.

In order for the plant to decorate the territory, it is recommended to plant it in large portions in 1-2 rows of the flower garden. It is also allowed to land on the territory of the site in the shade. Montbrecia tolerates the neighborhood well. Ideal neighbors for the plant will be dahlias, chrysanthemums, echinacea, daylily, sedum, cannes, rudbeckia and other plants that bloom in the summer months.

Japanese gladiolus: landing for winter

Simple or complex care

Planting and caring for a Japanese gladiolus is not difficult. Japanese gladiolus - a plant that normally tolerates low temperatures, does not get sick. All that it requires is regular watering, loosening the soil and top dressing. They must be done every 2 weeks until flowering. Montbrecia is very fond of light, mineral fertilizers and moist soil. It is important to remember that the water in the soil should not stagnate, then the plant will die. Flowers will open better if there is a large space around the plant filled with light.

If the flowers of the plant are large, it must be protected from low temperature, if the plant is in a cool place, withered leaves should be left. It is better not to rush with digging. If the autumn is warm and frosts are delayed, it is worth postponing the activity until the end of October - beginning of November.

A plant with small flowers is temperature sensitive. To avoid trouble, it is better to cover with straw or dry leaves with a large layer of at least 18 cm, additionally putting a waterproof shelter on top. This is especially necessary in relation to flowers planted for the first time.

If the plant tolerates winter well, it will bloom quickly and will delight you with flowers for a long time. If the plant is planted in the south of Russia, such measures will not be required. In winter, the temperature there is suitable for wintering a flower.

Basic rules for caring for Japanese gladiolus:

  • regular watering;
  • loosening the soil;
  • regular top dressing;
  • thorough protection against low temperature and snow.

In the fall, a variety with large flowers should be dug up. In order to preserve planting material, it is necessary to trim the leaves and stems, slightly dry the corms for 2-3 days. If there are spots on the bulb and it is soft, it is better to throw it away. Good bulbs can be kept in flower boxes wrapped in paper, the temperature should be 5-7 ° C.

For some, the color and height of the planted flower is of great importance. Japanese gladiolus has various varieties that differ in the color of the flower and its size.

You can choose from:

  • crocosmia pots - color pale pink, height 1 m;
  • crocosmia "George Davison" - amber color, height up to 80 cm;
  • Crocosmia masioriorum - color is orange, height is up to 1,5 m;
  • Crocosmia Babylon - color is orange, height is up to 50 cm.

Japanese gladiolus: planting bulbs

Growing flowers is always an interesting and fun thing, because you never know what happens and when. It happens that a flower begins to bloom at the most unexpected moment, and then it becomes very joyful that it bloomed thanks to your care and care for it.

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