What properties does juniper pfitzeriana have

Juniper Pfitzeriana is a coniferous evergreen shrub with a wide spreading crown. Recently, he began to gain popularity among fans of the formation of coniferous compositions.

Properties and signs

Shrubs of this species have the following parameters and characteristics:

  • height - from 1 to 3 m;
  • crown diameter - up to 5 m;
  • growth rates in different varieties are not the same, but mostly it is a fast-growing species;
  • the crown is wide, spreading, most often creeping;
  • skeletal branches grow evenly;
  • the ends of the branches hanging;
  • needles can be both scaly and needle;
  • . color - from deep green to lemon yellow.

In nature, grows in North America, namely - in the United States of America, in Canada, in northern Mexico.

A mountain plant growing at altitudes from 1200 m to 2700 m above sea level. Well adapted to sparse rocky soils.

This species was introduced into landscaping from the beginning of the 19th century. In Russia, it began to spread only from the 20th century; it appeared in the botanical gardens quite late - since 1962.

The popularity of the species among gardeners and garden owners encouraged breeders to create new varieties of this juniper.

The most popular varieties

Juniper Pfitzeriana Aurea was obtained in the United States at the beginning of the 20th century in the Dhill nursery. He appeared in Europe in 1937, after which he began his march through the botanical gardens and nurseries around the world.

Its main characteristics are as follows:

  • fast growing;
  • height - up to 3.5 m;
  • crown width - up to 5 m;
  • durable - up to 100 years;
  • pointed needles, scaly and needle;
  • the color of the crown varies with age and season.

Juniper middle Pfitzeriana Aurea is a favorite plant of European gardeners. With its help, the lower tiers are usually formed in large landscape parks. It has pronounced phytoncidal and bactericidal properties.

The plant has the following characteristics:

  • height - 0.5 m;
  • thick skeletal branches;
  • round crown in the shape of a hemisphere;
  • ducking growth shoots;
  • young shoots of golden lemon shades;
  • needles scaly-needle;
  • slow growth;
  • winter hardiness is high;
  • photophilous;
  • needs watering;
  • tolerates urban conditions.

Juniper middle Pfitzerian Glauka differs from previous varieties in the color of needles. In the sun, it is painted in bluish-blue hues, in partial shade it becomes gray-green, and in winter acquires a slight purple coating.

Its features are as follows:

  • height - up to 2.5 m;
  • crown diameter - up to 4 m;
  • the crown is incorrectly rounded, dense;
  • winter hardiness is high;
  • soils are moderately dry;
  • resistant to air pollution;
  • shade tolerant.

Juniper middle Pfitzerian Kompakt in many respects similar to pfitzerian glauka. The gray-green color of the needles gives them a special resemblance. Distinctive features should recognize the shape of the crown with gracefully hanging tops, and the height of the bush - up to 0.8 m.

Juniper Pfitzeriana Gold belongs to the group of stunted ornamental shrubs with the following properties:

  • height - about 1 m;
  • crown diameter - up to 2.5 m;
  • sprawling crown;
  • shoots are located horizontally;
  • the upper shoots are curved arcuate;
  • small needles, scaly;
  • grows slowly;
  • exacting to lighting;
  • soil and moisture level is not demanding.

This bush is not in vain called the "Golden Star". Its branches have a bright golden yellow color. Such a sprawling, albeit small bush, on a site among the dark green trees and monotonous lawns really looks like a star.

Juniper medium pfitzeriana

Landing and demanding environmental conditions

Despite the fact that this juniper comes from a mountainous area and used to rely mainly on poor stony soil in nature, it is better to plant it in loose and fertile soil with neutral acidity. Here the bushes will form the most luxurious crown. However, on depleted soil, the color of the needles can acquire a more intense shade.

This species tolerates aridity, does not tolerate stagnation of moisture, but grows best on moist soil.

Juniper has high frost resistance, but does not tolerate strong and frequent dry winds.

All junipers are light-loving plants and they need to be planted in well-lit areas or in partial shade.

If they are planted in a shaded place, the plant will be small, elongated, with a loose crown.

An exception to this rule are young, recently transplanted bushes. In those days when the sun is especially strong and bright, they should be slightly shaded. This is especially true for Pfitzeriana Gold Star.

When placing junipers, special attention should be paid to the water regime of the site. If you can’t find a place with an optimal water regime, then first you need to carry out drainage work.

However, we should not forget that juniper does not like drought, so you need to consider the possibility of watering. Help to solve this problem and abundant mulching with leaves or sawdust. This must be done immediately after planting. Subsequently, mulching can be repeated if the bushes are not surrounded by other woody plants or a lawn. During drought or just in hot weather, the juniper responds well not only to watering, but also to sprinkling on the crown.

In landscape design, junipers are especially popular because of their diversity and special decorative value. They look good with groups of firs, firs and pines.

With their help, you can create a motley ensemble together with beautifully flowering deciduous shrubs, such as spirea and cysticis.

These plants are unpretentious, well tolerate the harsh conditions of large cities. There is another valuable property - all of them, both large and small, live long. If you plant several bushes with different shades of needles, then a motley and evergreen composition with a pleasant coniferous aroma is provided for 100 years.

Juniper Pfitzeriana

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