Fertilizer and processing of cherries in early spring from pests and diseases

Cherry is very widespread in home gardening. This culture is grown by both experienced and novice gardeners. Proper processing of cherries in early spring from pests and diseases not only guarantees the health and full development of the fruit tree, but also allows you to get the highest, high-quality harvest of tasty and healthy berries.

Features of spring treatment for diseases

Despite the fact that most new and promising varieties have a fairly high resistance to damaging factors in the form of diseases and pests, prophylaxis in early spring should not be neglected.

Cherry: spring care

Disease nameExternal signs of damageTreatment and prevention
CoccomycosisPurple spots appear on the leaves, and the fruits are deformedThe first treatment for blooming foliage with 3% Bordeaux fluid. The following treatment after flowering with 0.4% copper chloride or 0.1% Topsin-M solution. The last treatment is bred in the fall with 1% Bordeaux liquid or 0.4% copper chloride
Monilial burnThe bark on the trunk and branches is covered with small spots, and the berries dry and fallBefore the leaves bloom, spray the crown of the soil with 3% Bordeaux liquid or 3% iron sulphate. Treatment after flowering with 1% Bordeaux liquid or with preparations such as Phthalan, Kuprozan, Tsineb or Kaptan
AnthracnoseDull dot spots form on the berries, growing in tubercles and bulgesThree times treatment with "Polyram" before flowering, after flowering and a couple of weeks after the second spraying
Hole spottingPurple-brownish spots with a border and through holes appear on the leavesBefore the leaves bloom, spray the crown and soil with 3% Bordeaux fluid or 3% iron sulphate. Treatment after flowering with 1% Bordeaux liquid or with preparations such as Phthalan, Kuprozan, Tsineb or Kaptan
Gum detectionCracking of the bark with the appearance of a thick and sticky liquid of whitish-amber stainingPreventive treatment with copper sulfate, whitewashing with lime, treating wounds with garden var or Petralatum. It is necessary not only to process plants, but also to observe agricultural technology

Features of spring treatment from pests

Annual cherry care involves the mandatory treatment of crop damage by the most common plant parasites. To process plants as efficiently as possible, it is necessary to take into account the botanical features of the culture and use modern preparations that have proven themselves well in home gardening.

Damaging factorSigns of defeatTreatment and prevention
AphidCommon foliage on all aphid-damaged plantsBefore mass blooming of leaves, spraying with Nitrafen or Oleukuprit preparations, as well as treatment to the flowering stage with Karbofos, Metaphos or Phosphamide
Fruit Worms or Cherry FlyThe pest eats passages around the bone, which is often the cause of decay and decay of the fruit to the phase of full ripeningDouble treatment with Iskra, Aktara or Lightning
Ringed silkwormAppearance of cobwebs and folded leaves on branchesSpraying before flowering with preparations of "Karbofos", "Metaphos", "Chlorophos" or "Zolon", as well as treatment before budding with the help of "Nitrafen" or "Oleuprit".
Slimy sawflyPests scrap the tissue from the top of the leaves, after which the leaves dry outSpraying the crown of fruit stands with any pyrethroids, organophosphorus compounds

The scheme and rules for applying dressings

In the first season after planting, no additional fertilizing will be required for the plant, provided that the planting pit is properly filled with fertilizers. In the next three years, it is recommended to limit oneself only to spring feeding of cherries, using for this purpose:

  • infusion of mullein diluted with water at the rate of 1: 3;
  • infusion of bird droppings diluted with water at the rate of 1: 10.

At the stage of active fruiting of cherries, fertilizer is required annually. In productive age, the plant needs a large amount of nutrition, which will allow to obtain a high and high-quality crop. For this purpose, about 10 kg of humus is introduced into the trunk circles with the addition of the following components:

  • 20-30 g of urea;
  • 50-60 g of simple superphosphate or 25-30 g of double superphosphate;
  • 18-20 g of potassium chloride or 180-200 g of wood ash.

For adult fruit stands, the rate of organics should be doubled. Any application of fertilizers should be accompanied by abundant watering, which will reduce the risk of burning the root system of the plant and improve the absorption of nutrients.

Follow-up care

Along with preventive measures, as well as fertilizing the plants with fertilizers, fruit stands require a whole range of work in the spring aimed at obtaining good yields. A competent spring pruning plays a very important role in the cultivation of cherries, as a result of which no dried up, sick, or frozen branches should be left on the tree. Besides, spring pruning can be aimed at reducing the height of the crown in order to improve the quality of care and facilitate harvesting.

In the spring, tree whitewashing and branching of skeletal branches are also included in the set of tree care measures. High-quality and timely application of whitewash will not only allow disinfection of wounds, but also reduce the risk of burns and plant parasites. It is recommended to use special whitewash compositions with the addition of a solution of copper sulfate.

How to prune a cherry

Of great importance when growing fruit trees is the timely cleaning of the site, which includes the removal of dry grass and debris, followed by digging of the soil in near-stem circles. Such works have a positive effect on the growth and development of trees, and also have a stimulating effect on the formation of high-quality and high yields.

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