Features of planting and growing lilies in the suburbs

Lily or Lílium is an ornamental and beautifully flowering plant from the Liliaceae family or Liliaceae. You can plant lilies both in spring and autumn. In the suburbs and neighboring regions, it is best to land from September 15 to October 15.

Botanical features

The immediate continuation of the onion of the bulb is represented by the stem part, which is foliate, simple or slightly branched in the upper part.

Leaves are arranged spiral. In the corner part of the last grassroots leaves, gradually growing buds are formed, which turn into bulbs, providing all subsequent flowering.

To know in which month this or that variety of this flowering decorative culture should be planted, it is necessary to correctly determine the variety and find out the main varietal features - the time and duration of flowering, as well as winter hardiness and drought resistance.

Species diversity

On the territory of Russia, about sixteen species of lily are grown, among which:

  • Lilium candidum L. or white common lily;
  • Lilium kesselringianum Miscz. or Kesselring lily;
  • Lilium monadelphum or single lily;
  • Lilium sovitianum or golden yellow lily;
  • Lilium pyrenaicum or Pyrenean lily.
  • red lily of the species Lilium tenuifolium Fisch .;
  • Lilium spectabile Link or forest / large sarana;
  • Lilium pulchellum fisch. or East Siberian lily.

Lilies: planting and care

The best varieties for Moscow region

The weather and soil conditions of the Moscow region are quite well suited for growing lilies, which bloom here for almost the entire summer season. For a short summer summer season near Moscow with dry air and a relatively harsh winter period, a variety of Asian hybrids are most suitable, the flowers of which, depending on the variety, can be of different sizes and colors.

Grade nameLatin namePlant heightFlower description
Montreux"Montrex"No more than 90 cmLarge, 12-14 cm in diameter, pointing up, with light pink petals and a purple tint
Bigfoot"Yeti"Up to a meterLarge petal variety with light yellow flowers and a green tint on the outside of the petals
Aelita"Aelita"90-110 cmFlowers of 8-15 light yellow, upward-pointing petals, 15 cm in diameter, bloom since mid-summer
"Lady Jane""Lady Jane"1.2-1.5 mThe flowers consist of ten petals of delicate lilac staining.
"Lova Rose""Lowa Rose"1.1-1.3 mHybrid form of tiger lily with pink flowers
Sweet Sarender"Sweet Surrender"No more than 1,1 mMedium-sized flowers, cream stained with a yellowish tinge on the petals
White Twinkle"White Twinkle"No more than 1,1 mA multi-flowered hybrid that forms creamy flowers with purple spots on the petals
"Pearl Jennifer""Pearl Jennifer"No more than 1,1 mYellow-flowered lily with pronounced brown spots on the petals
"Pearl Justin""Pearl Justine"60-80 cmThe hybrid form of yellow tiger lily
"Red Velveteen"Red velvetNo more than 1,1 mHybrid tiger lily with bright burgundy flowers and pronounced black spots on the petals

Timing and landing technology

Asian hybrids are characterized by all the characteristics of perennialscultivated in a temperate continental climate. In the winter dormant period, the aboveground part dies, and the bulbs and roots easily overwinter under the snow layer. Asiatic lilies can be planted in the open ground in spring or autumn, planting socks are limited to the autumn period. Tiger lilies, as well as other hybrids and varieties that bloom in the autumn, are best planted in March.

In the same period, transplantation and transplanting of already grown plants is carried out. To plant a garden lily correctly, it is recommended to adhere to the following technology:

  • the site should be relatively sunny, slight shading of flower plantings is allowed;
  • in areas designated for lily growing, cold air masses should not stagnate;
  • flower beds with lilies should be placed in well-ventilated, but protected from gusty north wind areas;
  • in pre-prepared landing holes, it is necessary to pour a layer of coarse sand and, laying onion on it, straighten the roots;
  • planted bulbs are sprinkled completely with sand, and then with nutritious soil, after which abundant watering is carried out.

It is advisable to mulch the plantings with sawdust or a layer of peat. PWhen planting, the depth of planting material and the distance between the planting holes shown in the table should be adhered to.

Varietal FeaturesDepth of large planting material in cmDepth of small planting material in cmOptimum distance between plants in cm
Low varieties and hybrid forms10-127-815-20
Mid-sized hybrids and varieties12-151020-25
Tall lilies15-2010-1225-30

Important to remember, that with a deeper planting, the lily blooms a little later, but the formation of children on the bulb is more active.

Post planting care tips

Lily care is not difficult, but it is important to take into account some of the nuances caused by the botanical features of this flower culture:

  • the first feeding should be carried out in the spring, even before the emergence of shoots, with the use of nitroammofoski, ammonium nitrate and fermented mullein;
  • in order to strengthen the stems of the plant, in the second half of summer, potassium magnesia and double superphosphate should be added;
  • on the first year, it is recommended to carefully remove all the buds that form, which will allow the plant to retain strength for flowering in the next years;
  • regular removal of all faded peduncles, as well as dried or damaged leaves;
  • the lily beetles and their larvae, which eat the buds and leaves of the plant, pose the greatest danger to the lily, therefore, manual collection of the plant parasite and timely preventive treatment of the lily should be carried out.

How to transplant lilies

In the autumn, it is advisable to cut the flower stalks at a height of 10-12 cm from the soil surface. If necessary, autumn mulching or sheltering of flower plantings for the winter with spruce branches and garden sheeting is carried out. With proper care, the lily in the garden plot near Moscow will delight the gardener with health and abundant flowering.

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